cross


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ordinary \Or"di*na*ry\, n.; pl. Ordinaries (-r[i^]z).
   1. (Law)
      (a) (Roman Law) An officer who has original jurisdiction
          in his own right, and not by deputation.
      (b) (Eng. Law) One who has immediate jurisdiction in
          matters ecclesiastical; an ecclesiastical judge; also,
          a deputy of the bishop, or a clergyman appointed to
          perform divine service for condemned criminals and
          assist in preparing them for death.
      (c) (Am. Law) A judicial officer, having generally the
          powers of a judge of probate or a surrogate.
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   2. The mass; the common run. [Obs.]
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            I see no more in you than in the ordinary
            Of nature's salework.                 --Shak.
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   3. That which is so common, or continued, as to be considered
      a settled establishment or institution. [R.]
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            Spain had no other wars save those which were grown
            into an ordinary.                     --Bacon.
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   4. Anything which is in ordinary or common use.
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            Water buckets, wagons, cart wheels, plow socks, and
            other ordinaries.                     --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
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   5. A dining room or eating house where a meal is prepared for
      all comers, at a fixed price for the meal, in distinction
      from one where each dish is separately charged; a table
      d'h[^o]te; hence, also, the meal furnished at such a
      dining room. --Shak.
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            All the odd words they have picked up in a
            coffeehouse, or a gaming ordinary, are produced as
            flowers of style.                     --Swift.
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            He exacted a tribute for licenses to hawkers and
            peddlers and to ordinaries.           --Bancroft.
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   6. (Her.) A charge or bearing of simple form, one of nine or
      ten which are in constant use. The bend, chevron,
      chief, cross, fesse, pale, and saltire are
      uniformly admitted as ordinaries. Some authorities include
      bar, bend sinister, pile, and others. See Subordinary.
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   In ordinary.
      (a) In actual and constant service; statedly attending and
          serving; as, a physician or chaplain in ordinary. An
          ambassador in ordinary is one constantly resident at a
          foreign court.
      (b) (Naut.) Out of commission and laid up; -- said of a
          naval vessel.

   Ordinary of the Mass (R. C. Ch.), the part of the Mass
      which is the same every day; -- called also the {canon of
      the Mass}.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cross \Cross\ (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the
   former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the
   second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same
   L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. Crucial, Crusade, Cruise,
   Crux.]
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   1. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed
      transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T,
      or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the
      upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the
      execution of criminals.
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            Nailed to the cross
            By his own nation.                    --Milton.
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   2. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in
      ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the
      symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of
      Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom.
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            The custom of making the sign of the cross with the
            hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or
            preserving from evil, is very old.    --Schaff-Herzog
                                                  Encyc.
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            Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray. --Sir
                                                  W. Scott.
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            Tis where the cross is preached.      --Cowper.
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   3. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial;
      disappointment; opposition; misfortune.
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            Heaven prepares a good man with crosses. --B.
                                                  Jonson.
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   4. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also,
      that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped;
      hence, money in general.
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            I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I
            think you have no money in your purse. --Shak.
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   5. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a
      cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape
      of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying
      considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the
      British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a
      central medallion with seven arms radiating from it.
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   6. (Arch.) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted
      by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross;
      a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London.
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            Dun-Edin's Cross, a pillared stone,
            Rose on a turret octagon.             --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
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   7. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many
      varieties. See the Illustration, above.
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   8. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature
      by those unable to write.
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            Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names
            and crosses.                          --Fuller.
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   9. Church lands. [Ireland] [Obs.] --Sir J. Davies.
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   10. A line drawn across or through another line.
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   11. Hence: A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle
       breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid
       of any kind.
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             Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a
             cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler. --Lord
                                                  Dufferin.
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   12. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets
       perpendicular to the main course.
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   13. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of
       which usually form's right angle.
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   Cross and pile, a game with money, at which it is put to
      chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which
      bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile, or
      reverse; the game called heads or tails.

   Cross bottony or

   Cross botton['e]. See under Bottony.

   Cross estoil['e] (Her.). a cross, each of whose arms is
      pointed like the ray of a star; that is, a star having
      four long points only.

   Cross of Calvary. See Calvary, 3.

   Southern cross. (Astron.) See under Southern.

   To do a thing on the cross, to act dishonestly; -- opposed
      to acting on the square. [Slang]

   To take up the cross, to bear troubles and afflictions with
      patience from love to Christ.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cross \Cross\ (kr[o^]s), a.
   1. Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse;
      oblique; intersecting.
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            The cross refraction of the second prism. --Sir I.
                                                  Newton.
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   2. Not accordant with what is wished or expected;
      interrupting; adverse; contrary; thwarting; perverse. "A
      cross fortune." --Jer. Taylor.
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            The cross and unlucky issue of my design.
                                                  --Glanvill.
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            The article of the resurrection seems to lie
            marvelously cross to the common experience of
            mankind.                              --South.
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            We are both love's captives, but with fates so
            cross,
            One must be happy by the other's loss. --Dryden.
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   3. Characterized by, or in a state of, peevishness,
      fretfulness, or ill humor; as, a cross man or woman.
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            He had received a cross answer from his mistress.
                                                  --Jer. Taylor.
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   4. Made in an opposite direction, or an inverse relation;
      mutually inverse; interchanged; as, cross interrogatories;
      cross marriages, as when a brother and sister marry
      persons standing in the same relation to each other.
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   Cross action (Law), an action brought by a party who is
      sued against the person who has sued him, upon the same
      subject matter, as upon the same contract. --Burrill.

   Cross aisle (Arch.), a transept; the lateral divisions of a
      cruciform church.

   Cross axle.
      (a) (Mach.) A shaft, windlass, or roller, worked by levers
          at opposite ends, as in the copperplate printing
          press.
      (b) A driving axle, with cranks set at an angle of 90[deg]
          with each other.

   Cross bedding (Geol.), oblique lamination of horizontal
      beds.

   Cross bill. See in the Vocabulary.

   Cross bitt. Same as Crosspiece.

   Cross bond, a form of bricklaying, in which the joints of
      one stretcher course come midway between those of the
      stretcher courses above and below, a course of headers and
      stretchers intervening. See Bond, n., 8.

   Cross breed. See in the Vocabulary.

   Cross breeding. See under Breeding.

   Cross buttock, a particular throw in wrestling; hence, an
      unexpected defeat or repulse. --Smollet.

   Cross country, across the country; not by the road. "The
      cross-country ride." --Cowper.

   Cross fertilization, the fertilization of the female
      products of one physiological individual by the male
      products of another, -- as the fertilization of the ovules
      of one plant by pollen from another. See Fertilization.
      

   Cross file, a double convex file, used in dressing out the
      arms or crosses of fine wheels.

   Cross fire (Mil.), lines of fire, from two or more points
      or places, crossing each other.

   Cross forked. (Her.) See under Forked.

   Cross frog. See under Frog.

   Cross furrow, a furrow or trench cut across other furrows
      to receive the water running in them and conduct it to the
      side of the field.

   Cross handle, a handle attached transversely to the axis of
      a tool, as in the augur. --Knight.

   Cross lode (Mining), a vein intersecting the true or
      principal lode.

   Cross purpose. See Cross-purpose, in the Vocabulary.

   Cross reference, a reference made from one part of a book
      or register to another part, where the same or an allied
      subject is treated of.

   Cross sea (Naut.), a chopping sea, in which the waves run
      in contrary directions.

   Cross stroke, a line or stroke across something, as across
      the letter t.

   Cross wind, a side wind; an unfavorable wind.

   Cross wires, fine wires made to traverse the field of view
      in a telescope, and moved by a screw with a graduated
      head, used for delicate astronomical observations; spider
      lines. Fixed cross wires are also used in microscopes,
      etc.

   Syn: Fretful; peevish. See Fretful.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cross \Cross\, prep.
   Athwart; across. [Archaic or Colloq.]
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         A fox was taking a walk one night cross a village.
                                                  --L'Estrange.
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   To go cross lots, to go across the fields; to take a short
      cut. [Colloq.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cross \Cross\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Crossed (kr[o^]st; 115); p.
   pr. & vb. n. Crossing.]
   1. To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to
      cross the arms.
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   2. To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross
      the letter t.
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   3. To pass from one side to the other of; to pass or move
      over; to traverse; as, to cross a stream.
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            A hunted hare . . . crosses and confounds her former
            track.                                -- I. Watts.
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   4. To pass, as objects going in an opposite direction at the
      same time. "Your kind letter crossed mine." --J. D.
      Forbes.
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   5. To run counter to; to thwart; to obstruct; to hinder; to
      clash or interfere with.
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            In each thing give him way; cross him in nothing.
                                                  --Shak.
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            An oyster may be crossed in love.     -- Sheridan.
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   6. To interfere and cut off; to debar. [Obs.]
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            To cross me from the golden time I look for. --Shak.
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   7. To make the sign of the cross upon; -- followed by the
      reflexive pronoun; as, he crossed himself.
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   8. To cancel by marking crosses on or over, or drawing a line
      across; to erase; -- usually with out, off, or over; as,
      to cross out a name.
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   9. To cause to interbreed; -- said of different stocks or
      races; to mix the breed of.
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   To cross a check (Eng. Banking), to draw two parallel
      transverse lines across the face of a check, with or
      without adding between them the words "and company", with
      or without the words "not negotiable", or to draw the
      transverse lines simply, with or without the words "not
      negotiable" (the check in any of these cases being crossed
      generally). Also, to write or print across the face of a
      check the name of a banker, with or without the words "not
      negotiable" (the check being then crossed specially). A
      check crossed generally is payable only when presented
      through a bank; one crossed specially, only when presented
      through the bank mentioned. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   To cross one's path, to oppose one's plans. --Macaulay.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cross \Cross\, v. i.
   1. To lie or be athwart.
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   2. To move or pass from one side to the other, or from place
      to place; to make a transit; as, to cross from New York to
      Liverpool.
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   3. To be inconsistent. [Obs.]
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            Men's actions do not always cross with reason. --Sir
                                                  P. Sidney.
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   4. To interbreed, as races; to mix distinct breeds.
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            If two individuals of distinct races cross, a third
            is invariably produced different from either.
                                                  --Coleridge.
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