gold


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gold \Gold\ (g[=o]ld), Golde \Golde\, Goolde \Goolde\
   (g[=oo]ld), n. (Bot.)
   An old English name of some yellow flower, -- the marigold
   (Calendula), according to Dr. Prior, but in Chaucer perhaps
   the turnsole.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gold \Gold\ (g[=o]ld), n. [AS. gold; akin to D. goud, OS. & G.
   gold, Icel. gull, Sw. & Dan. guld, Goth. gul[thorn], Russ. &
   OSlav. zlato; prob. akin to E. yellow. [root]49, 234. See
   Yellow, and cf. Gild, v. t.]
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   1. (Chem.) A metallic element of atomic number 79,
      constituting the most precious metal used as a common
      commercial medium of exchange. It has a characteristic
      yellow color, is one of the heaviest substances known
      (specific gravity 19.32), is soft, and very malleable and
      ductile. It is quite unalterable by heat (melting point
      1064.4[deg] C), moisture, and most corrosive agents, and
      therefore well suited for its use in coin and jewelry.
      Symbol Au (Aurum). Atomic weight 196.97.
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   Note: Native gold contains usually eight to ten per cent of
         silver, but often much more. As the amount of silver
         increases, the color becomes whiter and the specific
         gravity lower. Gold is very widely disseminated, as in
         the sands of many rivers, but in very small quantity.
         It usually occurs in quartz veins (gold quartz), in
         slate and metamorphic rocks, or in sand and alluvial
         soil, resulting from the disintegration of such rocks.
         It also occurs associated with other metallic
         substances, as in auriferous pyrites, and is combined
         with tellurium in the minerals petzite, calaverite,
         sylvanite, etc. Pure gold is too soft for ordinary use,
         and is hardened by alloying with silver and copper, the
         latter giving a characteristic reddish tinge. [See
         Carat.] Gold also finds use in gold foil, in the
         pigment purple of Cassius, and in the chloride, which
         is used as a toning agent in photography.
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   2. Money; riches; wealth.
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            For me, the gold of France did not seduce. --Shak.
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   3. A yellow color, like that of the metal; as, a flower
      tipped with gold.
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   4. Figuratively, something precious or pure; as, hearts of
      gold. --Shak.
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   Age of gold. See Golden age, under Golden.

   Dutch gold, Fool's gold, Gold dust, etc. See under
      Dutch, Dust, etc.

   Gold amalgam, a mineral, found in Columbia and California,
      composed of gold and mercury.

   Gold beater, one whose occupation is to beat gold into gold
      leaf.

   Gold beater's skin, the prepared outside membrane of the
      large intestine of the ox, used for separating the leaves
      of metal during the process of gold-beating.

   Gold beetle (Zool.), any small gold-colored beetle of the
      family Chrysomelid[ae]; -- called also golden beetle.
      

   Gold blocking, printing with gold leaf, as upon a book
      cover, by means of an engraved block. --Knight.

   Gold cloth. See Cloth of gold, under Cloth.

   Gold Coast, a part of the coast of Guinea, in West Africa.
      

   Gold cradle. (Mining) See Cradle, n., 7.

   Gold diggings, the places, or region, where gold is found
      by digging in sand and gravel from which it is separated
      by washing.

   Gold end, a fragment of broken gold or jewelry.

   Gold-end man.
      (a) A buyer of old gold or jewelry.
      (b) A goldsmith's apprentice.
      (c) An itinerant jeweler. "I know him not: he looks like a
          gold-end man." --B. Jonson.

   Gold fever, a popular mania for gold hunting.

   Gold field, a region in which are deposits of gold.

   Gold finder.
      (a) One who finds gold.
      (b) One who empties privies. [Obs. & Low] --Swift.

   Gold flower, a composite plant with dry and persistent
      yellow radiating involucral scales, the {Helichrysum
      St[oe]chas} of Southern Europe. There are many South
      African species of the same genus.

   Gold foil, thin sheets of gold, as used by dentists and
      others. See Gold leaf.

   Gold knobs or Gold knoppes (Bot.), buttercups.

   Gold lace, a kind of lace, made of gold thread.

   Gold latten, a thin plate of gold or gilded metal.

   Gold leaf, gold beaten into a film of extreme thinness, and
      used for gilding, etc. It is much thinner than gold foil.
      

   Gold lode (Mining), a gold vein.

   Gold mine, a place where gold is obtained by mining
      operations, as distinguished from diggings, where it is
      extracted by washing. Cf. Gold diggings (above).

   Gold nugget, a lump of gold as found in gold mining or
      digging; -- called also a pepito.

   Gold paint. See Gold shell.

   Gold pheasant, or Golden pheasant. (Zool.) See under
      Pheasant.

   Gold plate, a general name for vessels, dishes, cups,
      spoons, etc., made of gold.

   Mosaic gold. See under Mosaic.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Watch \Watch\ (w[o^]ch), n. [OE. wacche, AS. w[ae]cce, fr.
   wacian to wake; akin to D. wacht, waak, G. wacht, wache.
   [root]134. See Wake, v. i. ]
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   1. The act of watching; forbearance of sleep; vigil; wakeful,
      vigilant, or constantly observant attention; close
      observation; guard; preservative or preventive vigilance;
      formerly, a watching or guarding by night.
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            Shepherds keeping watch by night.     --Milton.
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            All the long night their mournful watch they keep.
                                                  --Addison.
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   Note: Watch was formerly distinguished from ward, the former
         signifying a watching or guarding by night, and the
         latter a watching, guarding, or protecting by day
         Hence, they were not unfrequently used together,
         especially in the phrase to keep watch and ward, to
         denote continuous and uninterrupted vigilance or
         protection, or both watching and guarding. This
         distinction is now rarely recognized, watch being used
         to signify a watching or guarding both by night and by
         day, and ward, which is now rarely used, having simply
         the meaning of guard, or protection, without reference
         to time.
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               Still, when she slept, he kept both watch and
               ward.                              --Spenser.
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               Ward, guard, or custodia, is chiefly applied to
               the daytime, in order to apprehend rioters, and
               robbers on the highway . . . Watch, is properly
               applicable to the night only, . . . and it begins
               when ward ends, and ends when that begins.
                                                  --Blackstone.
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   2. One who watches, or those who watch; a watchman, or a body
      of watchmen; a sentry; a guard.
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            Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch; go your way,
            make it as sure as ye can.            --Matt. xxvii.
                                                  65.
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   3. The post or office of a watchman; also, the place where a
      watchman is posted, or where a guard is kept.
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            He upbraids Iago, that he made him
            Brave me upon the watch.              --Shak.
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   4. The period of the night during which a person does duty as
      a sentinel, or guard; the time from the placing of a
      sentinel till his relief; hence, a division of the night.
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            I did stand my watch upon the hill.   --Shak.
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            Might we but hear . . .
            Or whistle from the lodge, or village cock
            Count the night watches to his feathery dames.
                                                  --Milton.
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   5. A small timepiece, or chronometer, to be carried about the
      person, the machinery of which is moved by a spring.
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   Note: Watches are often distinguished by the kind of
         escapement used, as an anchor watch, a lever watch,
         a chronometer watch, etc. (see the Note under
         Escapement, n., 3); also, by the kind of case, as a
         gold or silver watch, an open-faced watch, a
         hunting watch, or hunter, etc.
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   6. (Naut.)
      (a) An allotted portion of time, usually four hour for
          standing watch, or being on deck ready for duty. Cf.
          Dogwatch.
      (b) That part, usually one half, of the officers and crew,
          who together attend to the working of a vessel for an
          allotted time, usually four hours. The watches are
          designated as the port watch, and the {starboard
          watch}.
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   Anchor watch (Naut.), a detail of one or more men who keep
      watch on deck when a vessel is at anchor.

   To be on the watch, to be looking steadily for some event.
      

   Watch and ward (Law), the charge or care of certain
      officers to keep a watch by night and a guard by day in
      towns, cities, and other districts, for the preservation
      of the public peace. --Wharton. --Burrill.

   Watch and watch (Naut.), the regular alternation in being
      on watch and off watch of the two watches into which a
      ship's crew is commonly divided.

   Watch barrel, the brass box in a watch, containing the
      mainspring.

   Watch bell (Naut.), a bell struck when the half-hour glass
      is run out, or at the end of each half hour. --Craig.

   Watch bill (Naut.), a list of the officers and crew of a
      ship as divided into watches, with their stations.
      --Totten.

   Watch case, the case, or outside covering, of a watch;
      also, a case for holding a watch, or in which it is kept.
      

   Watch chain. Same as watch guard, below.

   Watch clock, a watchman's clock; see under Watchman.

   Watch fire, a fire lighted at night, as a signal, or for
      the use of a watch or guard.

   Watch glass.
      (a) A concavo-convex glass for covering the face, or dial,
          of a watch; -- also called watch crystal.
      (b) (Naut.) A half-hour glass used to measure the time of
          a watch on deck.

   Watch guard, a chain or cord by which a watch is attached
      to the person.

   Watch gun (Naut.), a gun sometimes fired on shipboard at 8
      p. m., when the night watch begins.

   Watch light, a low-burning lamp used by watchers at night;
      formerly, a candle having a rush wick.

   Watch night, The last night of the year; -- so called by
      the Methodists, Moravians, and others, who observe it by
      holding religious meetings lasting until after midnight.
      

   Watch paper, an old-fashioned ornament for the inside of a
      watch case, made of paper cut in some fanciful design, as
      a vase with flowers, etc.

   Watch tackle (Naut.), a small, handy purchase, consisting
      of a tailed double block, and a single block with a hook.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Aluminium \Al`u*min"i*um\ ([a^]l`[-u]*m[i^]n"[i^]*[u^]m), n. [L.
   alumen. See Alum.] (Chem.)
   same as aluminum, chiefly British in usage.
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   Aluminium bronze or gold, a pale gold-colored alloy of
      aluminium and copper, used for journal bearings, etc.
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