From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gongorism \Gon"go*rism\, n.
   An affected elegance or euphuism of style, for which the
   Spanish poet Gongora y Argote (1561-1627), among others of
   his time, was noted.

         Gongorism, that curious disease of euphuism, that broke
         out simultaneously in Italy, England, and Spain. --The

         The Renaissance riots itself away in Marinism,
         Gongorism, Euphuism, and the affectations of the
         H[^o]tel Rambouillet.                    --J. A.
   [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
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