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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Gongorism \Gon"go*rism\, n. An affected elegance or euphuism of style, for which the Spanish poet Gongora y Argote (1561-1627), among others of his time, was noted. Gongorism, that curious disease of euphuism, that broke out simultaneously in Italy, England, and Spain. --The Critic. The Renaissance riots itself away in Marinism, Gongorism, Euphuism, and the affectations of the H[^o]tel Rambouillet. --J. A. Symonds. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]