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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Gouge \Gouge\, n. [F. gouge. LL. gubia, guvia, gulbia, gulvia, gulvium; cf. Bisc. gubia bow, gubioa throat.] [1913 Webster] 1. A chisel, with a hollow or semicylindrical blade, for scooping or cutting holes, channels, or grooves, in wood, stone, etc.; a similar instrument, with curved edge, for turning wood. [1913 Webster] 2. A bookbinder's tool for blind tooling or gilding, having a face which forms a curve. [1913 Webster] 3. An incising tool which cuts forms or blanks for gloves, envelopes, etc. from leather, paper, etc. --Knight. [1913 Webster] 4. (Mining) Soft material lying between the wall of a vein and the solid vein. --Raymond. [1913 Webster] 5. The act of scooping out with a gouge, or as with a gouge; a groove or cavity scooped out, as with a gouge. [1913 Webster] 6. Imposition; cheat; fraud; also, an impostor; a cheat; a trickish person. [Slang, U. S.] [1913 Webster] Gouge bit, a boring bit, shaped like a gouge. [1913 Webster]