gout


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gout \Gout\ (gout), n. [F. goutte a drop, the gout, the disease
   being considered as a defluxion, fr. L. gutta drop.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. A drop; a clot or coagulation.
      [1913 Webster]

            On thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood. --Shak.
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   2. (Med.) A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms.
      It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and
      ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks
      first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which
      it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended
      with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the
      digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as
      the stomach, the intestines, etc. It is an inherited
      disease of purine metaboism, which causes an increased
      level of uric acid in the blood, and leads to deposition
      of crystals of sodium urate in cartilage within joints and
      in connective tissue. It can be alleviated by a diet low
      in purines, and is treated by drugs which block formation
      of uric acid. --Dunglison.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]

   3. A disease of cornstalks. See Corn fly, under Corn.
      [1913 Webster]

   Gout stones. See Chalkstone, n., 2.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gout \Go[^u]t\ (g[=oo]), n. [F., fr. L. gustus taste. See
   Gusto.]
   Taste; relish.
   [1913 Webster]
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