From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

jovial \jo"vi*al\, a. [F., fr. L. Jovialis pertaining to Jove.
   The planet Jupiter was thought to make those born under it
   joyful or jovial. See Jove.]
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   1. [capitalized] Of or pertaining to the god, or the planet,
      Jupiter. [Obs.]
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            Our jovial star reigned at his birth. --Shak.
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            The fixed stars astrologically differenced by the
            planets, and esteemed Martial or Jovial according to
            the colors whereby they answer these planets. --Sir
                                                  T. Browne.
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   2. Sunny; serene. [Obs.] "The heavens always joviall."
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   3. Gay; merry; joyous; jolly; mirth-inspiring; hilarious;
      characterized by mirth or jollity; as, a jovial youth; a
      jovial company; a jovial poem.
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            Be bright and jovial among your guests. --Shak.
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            His odes are some of them panegyrical, others moral;
            the rest are jovial or bacchanalian.  --Dryden.
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   Note: This word is a relic of the belief in planetary
         influence. Other examples are saturnine, mercurial,
         martial, lunatic, etc.

   Syn: Merry; joyous; gay; festive; mirthful; gleeful; jolly;
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