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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
jovial \jo"vi*al\, a. [F., fr. L. Jovialis pertaining to Jove. The planet Jupiter was thought to make those born under it joyful or jovial. See Jove.] [1913 Webster] 1. [capitalized] Of or pertaining to the god, or the planet, Jupiter. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Our jovial star reigned at his birth. --Shak. [1913 Webster] The fixed stars astrologically differenced by the planets, and esteemed Martial or Jovial according to the colors whereby they answer these planets. --Sir T. Browne. [1913 Webster] 2. Sunny; serene. [Obs.] "The heavens always joviall." --Spenser. [1913 Webster] 3. Gay; merry; joyous; jolly; mirth-inspiring; hilarious; characterized by mirth or jollity; as, a jovial youth; a jovial company; a jovial poem. [1913 Webster] Be bright and jovial among your guests. --Shak. [1913 Webster] His odes are some of them panegyrical, others moral; the rest are jovial or bacchanalian. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] Note: This word is a relic of the belief in planetary influence. Other examples are saturnine, mercurial, martial, lunatic, etc. Syn: Merry; joyous; gay; festive; mirthful; gleeful; jolly; hilarious. [1913 Webster]