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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Junta \Jun"ta\ (j[u^]n"t[.a]), n.; pl. Juntas (j[u^]n"t[.a]z). [Sp., fr. L. junctus joined, p. p. of jungere to join. See Join, and cf. Junto.] 1. A council; a convention; a tribunal; an assembly; esp., the grand council of state in Spain. [1913 Webster] 2. A junto. [PJC] 3. A small committee or group self-appointed to serve as the government of a country, usually just after a coup d'etat or revolution, and often composed primarily of military men. The term is used mostly in Latin American countries. [PJC]