From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Kilderkin \Kil"der*kin\, n. [OD. kindeken, kinneken, a small
   barrel, orig., a little child, fr. kind child; akin to G.
   kind, and to E. kin.]
   A small barrel; an old liquid measure containing eighteen
   English beer gallons, or nearly twenty-two gallons, United
   States measure. [Written also kinderkin.]
   [1913 Webster]
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