From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Number \Num"ber\ (n[u^]m"b[~e]r), n. [OE. nombre, F. nombre, L.
   numerus; akin to Gr. no`mos that which is dealt out, fr.
   ne`mein to deal out, distribute. See Numb, Nomad, and cf.
   Numerate, Numero, Numerous.]
   1. That which admits of being counted or reckoned; a unit, or
      an aggregate of units; a numerable aggregate or collection
      of individuals; an assemblage made up of distinct things
      expressible by figures.
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   2. A collection of many individuals; a numerous assemblage; a
      multitude; many.
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            Ladies are always of great use to the party they
            espouse, and never fail to win over numbers.
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   3. A numeral; a word or character denoting a number; as, to
      put a number on a door.
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   4. Numerousness; multitude.
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            Number itself importeth not much in armies where the
            people are of weak courage.           --Bacon.
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   5. The state or quality of being numerable or countable.
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            Of whom came nations, tribes, people, and kindreds
            out of number.                        --2 Esdras
                                                  iii. 7.
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   6. Quantity, regarded as made up of an aggregate of separate
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   7. That which is regulated by count; poetic measure, as
      divisions of time or number of syllables; hence, poetry,
      verse; -- chiefly used in the plural.
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            I lisped in numbers, for the numbers came. --Pope.
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   8. (Gram.) The distinction of objects, as one, or more than
      one (in some languages, as one, or two, or more than two),
      expressed (usually) by a difference in the form of a word;
      thus, the singular number and the plural number are the
      names of the forms of a word indicating the objects
      denoted or referred to by the word as one, or as more than
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   9. (Math.) The measure of the relation between quantities or
      things of the same kind; that abstract species of quantity
      which is capable of being expressed by figures; numerical
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   Abstract number, Abundant number, Cardinal number, etc.
      See under Abstract, Abundant, etc.

   In numbers, in numbered parts; as, a book published in
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Number \Num"ber\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Numbered
   (n[u^]m"b[~e]rd); p. pr & vb. n. Numbering.] [OE. nombren,
   noumbren, F. nombrer, fr. L. numerare, numeratum. See
   Number, n.]
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   1. To count; to reckon; to ascertain the units of; to
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            If a man can number the dust of the earth, then
            shall thy seed also be numbered.      --Gen. xiii.
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   2. To reckon as one of a collection or multitude.
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            He was numbered with the transgressors. --Is. liii.
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   3. To give or apply a number or numbers to; to assign the
      place of in a series by order of number; to designate the
      place of by a number or numeral; as, to number the houses
      in a street, or the apartments in a building.
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   4. To amount; to equal in number; to contain; to consist of;
      as, the army numbers fifty thousand.
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            Thy tears can not number the dead.    --Campbell.
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   Numbering machine, a machine for printing consecutive
      numbers, as on railway tickets, bank bills, etc.
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   Syn: To count; enumerate; calculate; tell.
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