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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Observance \Ob*serv"ance\, n. [F. observance, L. observantia. See Observant.] 1. The act or practice of observing or noticing with attention; a heeding or keeping with care; performance; -- usually with a sense of strictness and fidelity; as, the observance of the Sabbath is general; the strict observance of duties. [1913 Webster] It is a custom More honored in the breach than the observance. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. An act, ceremony, or rite, as of worship or respect; especially, a customary act or service of attention; a form; a practice; a rite; a custom. [1913 Webster] At dances These young folk kept their observances. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Use all the observance of civility. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Some represent to themselves the whole of religion as consisting in a few easy observances. --Rogers. [1913 Webster] O I that wasted time to tend upon her, To compass her with sweet observances! --Tennyson. [1913 Webster] 3. Servile attention; sycophancy. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Salads and flesh, such as their haste could get, Served with observance. --Chapman. [1913 Webster] This is not atheism, But court observance. --Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster] Syn: Observance, Observation. These words are discriminated by the two distinct senses of observe. To observe means (1) to keep strictly; as, to observe a fast day, and hence, observance denotes the keeping or heeding with strictness; (2) to consider attentively, or to remark; and hence, observation denotes either the act of observing, or some remark made as the result thereof. We do not say the observation of Sunday, though the word was formerly so used. The Pharisees were curious in external observances; the astronomers are curious in celestial observations. [1913 Webster] Love rigid honesty, And strict observance of impartial laws. --Roscommon. [1913 Webster]