From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Series \Se"ries\, n. [L. series, fr. serere, sertum, to join or
   bind together; cf. Gr. ??? to fasten, Skr. sarit thread. Cf.
   Assert, Desert a solitude, Exert, Insert,
   1. A number of things or events standing or succeeding in
      order, and connected by a like relation; sequence; order;
      course; a succession of things; as, a continuous series of
      calamitous events.
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            During some years his life a series of triumphs.
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   2. (Biol.) Any comprehensive group of animals or plants
      including several subordinate related groups.
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   Note: Sometimes a series includes several classes; sometimes
         only orders or families; in other cases only species.
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   3. (Bot.) In Engler's system of plant classification, a group
      of families showing certain structural or morphological
      relationships. It corresponds to the cohort of some
      writers, and to the order of many modern systematists.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   4. (Math.) An indefinite number of terms succeeding one
      another, each of which is derived from one or more of the
      preceding by a fixed law, called the law of the series;
      as, an arithmetical series; a geometrical series.
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   5. (Elec.) A mode of arranging the separate parts of a
      circuit by connecting them successively end to end to form
      a single path for the current; -- opposed to parallel.
      The parts so arranged are said to be

   in series.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   6. (Com.) A parcel of rough diamonds of assorted qualities.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Order \Or"der\, n. [OE. ordre, F. ordre, fr. L. ordo, ordinis.
   Cf. Ordain, Ordinal.]
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   1. Regular arrangement; any methodical or established
      succession or harmonious relation; method; system; as:
      (a) Of material things, like the books in a library.
      (b) Of intellectual notions or ideas, like the topics of a
      (c) Of periods of time or occurrences, and the like.
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                The side chambers were . . . thirty in order.
                                                  --Ezek. xli.
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                Bright-harnessed angels sit in order
                serviceable.                      --Milton.
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                Good order is the foundation of all good things.
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   2. Right arrangement; a normal, correct, or fit condition;
      as, the house is in order; the machinery is out of order.
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   3. The customary mode of procedure; established system, as in
      the conduct of debates or the transaction of business;
      usage; custom; fashion. --Dantiel.
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            And, pregnant with his grander thought,
            Brought the old order into doubt.     --Emerson.
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   4. Conformity with law or decorum; freedom from disturbance;
      general tranquillity; public quiet; as, to preserve order
      in a community or an assembly.
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   5. That which prescribes a method of procedure; a rule or
      regulation made by competent authority; as, the rules and
      orders of the senate.
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            The church hath authority to establish that for an
            order at one time which at another time it may
            abolish.                              --Hooker.
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   6. A command; a mandate; a precept; a direction.
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            Upon this new fright, an order was made by both
            houses for disarming all the papists in England.
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   7. Hence: A commission to purchase, sell, or supply goods; a
      direction, in writing, to pay money, to furnish supplies,
      to admit to a building, a place of entertainment, or the
      like; as, orders for blankets are large.
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            In those days were pit orders -- beshrew the
            uncomfortable manager who abolished them. --Lamb.
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   8. A number of things or persons arranged in a fixed or
      suitable place, or relative position; a rank; a row; a
      grade; especially, a rank or class in society; a group or
      division of men in the same social or other position;
      also, a distinct character, kind, or sort; as, the higher
      or lower orders of society; talent of a high order.
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            They are in equal order to their several ends.
                                                  --Jer. Taylor.
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            Various orders various ensigns bear.  --Granville.
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            Which, to his order of mind, must have seemed little
            short of crime.                       --Hawthorne.
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   9. A body of persons having some common honorary distinction
      or rule of obligation; esp., a body of religious persons
      or aggregate of convents living under a common rule; as,
      the Order of the Bath; the Franciscan order.
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            Find a barefoot brother out,
            One of our order, to associate me.    --Shak.
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            The venerable order of the Knights Templars. --Sir
                                                  W. Scott.
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   10. An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or
       bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; -- often
       used in the plural; as, to take orders, or to take holy
       orders, that is, to enter some grade of the ministry.
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   11. (Arch.) The disposition of a column and its component
       parts, and of the entablature resting upon it, in
       classical architecture; hence (as the column and
       entablature are the characteristic features of classical
       architecture) a style or manner of architectural
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   Note: The Greeks used three different orders, easy to
         distinguish, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Romans
         added the Tuscan, and changed the Doric so that it is
         hardly recognizable, and also used a modified
         Corinthian called Composite. The Renaissance writers on
         architecture recognized five orders as orthodox or
         classical, -- Doric (the Roman sort), Ionic, Tuscan,
         Corinthian, and Composite. See Illust. of Capital.
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   12. (Nat. Hist.) An assemblage of genera having certain
       important characters in common; as, the Carnivora and
       Insectivora are orders of Mammalia.
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   Note: The Linnaean artificial orders of plants rested mainly
         on identity in the numer of pistils, or agreement in
         some one character. Natural orders are groups of genera
         agreeing in the fundamental plan of their flowers and
         fruit. A natural order is usually (in botany)
         equivalent to a family, and may include several tribes.
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   13. (Rhet.) The placing of words and members in a sentence in
       such a manner as to contribute to force and beauty or
       clearness of expression.
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   14. (Math.) Rank; degree; thus, the order of a curve or
       surface is the same as the degree of its equation.
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   Artificial order or Artificial system. See {Artificial
      classification}, under Artificial, and Note to def. 12

   Close order (Mil.), the arrangement of the ranks with a
      distance of about half a pace between them; with a
      distance of about three yards the ranks are in {open

   The four Orders, The Orders four, the four orders of
      mendicant friars. See Friar. --Chaucer.

   General orders (Mil.), orders issued which concern the
      whole command, or the troops generally, in distinction
      from special orders.

   Holy orders.
       (a) (Eccl.) The different grades of the Christian
           ministry; ordination to the ministry. See def. 10
       (b) (R. C. Ch.) A sacrament for the purpose of conferring
           a special grace on those ordained.

   In order to, for the purpose of; to the end; as means to.

            The best knowledge is that which is of greatest use
            in order to our eternal happiness.    --Tillotson.

   Minor orders (R. C. Ch.), orders beneath the diaconate in
      sacramental dignity, as acolyte, exorcist, reader,

   Money order. See under Money.

   Natural order. (Bot.) See def. 12, Note.

   Order book.
       (a) A merchant's book in which orders are entered.
       (b) (Mil.) A book kept at headquarters, in which all
           orders are recorded for the information of officers
           and men.
       (c) A book in the House of Commons in which proposed
           orders must be entered. [Eng.]

   Order in Council, a royal order issued with and by the
      advice of the Privy Council. [Great Britain]

   Order of battle (Mil.), the particular disposition given to
      the troops of an army on the field of battle.

   Order of the day, in legislative bodies, the special
      business appointed for a specified day.

   Order of a differential equation (Math.), the greatest
      index of differentiation in the equation.

   Sailing orders (Naut.), the final instructions given to the
      commander of a ship of war before a cruise.

   Sealed orders, orders sealed, and not to be opened until a
      certain time, or arrival at a certain place, as after a
      ship is at sea.

   Standing order.
       (a) A continuing regulation for the conduct of
           parliamentary business.
       (b) (Mil.) An order not subject to change by an officer
           temporarily in command.

   To give order, to give command or directions. --Shak.

   To take order for, to take charge of; to make arrangements
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            Whiles I take order for mine own affairs. --Shak.
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   Syn: Arrangement; management. See Direction.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Order \Or"der\, v. i.
   To give orders; to issue commands.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Order \Or"der\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ordered; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ordering.] [From Order, n.]
   1. To put in order; to reduce to a methodical arrangement; to
      arrange in a series, or with reference to an end. Hence,
      to regulate; to dispose; to direct; to rule.
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            To him that ordereth his conversation aright. --Ps.
                                                  1. 23.
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            Warriors old with ordered spear and shield.
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   2. To give an order to; to command; as, to order troops to
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   3. To give an order for; to secure by an order; as, to order
      a carriage; to order groceries.
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   4. (Eccl.) To admit to holy orders; to ordain; to receive
      into the ranks of the ministry.
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            These ordered folk be especially titled to God.
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            Persons presented to be ordered deacons. --Bk. of
                                                  Com. Prayer.
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   Order arms (Mil.), the command at which a rifle is brought
      to a position with its butt resting on the ground; also,
      the position taken at such a command.
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