From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Orientation \O`ri*en*ta"tion\, n. [Cf. F. orientation.]
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   1. The act or process of orientating; determination of the
      points of the compass, or the east point, in taking
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   2. The tendency of a revolving body, when suspended in a
      certain way, to bring the axis of rotation into
      parallelism with the earth's axis.
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   3. An aspect or fronting to the east; especially (Arch.), the
      placing of a church so that the chancel, containing the
      altar toward which the congregation fronts in worship,
      will be on the east end.
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   4. (Fig.): A return to first principles; an orderly
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            The task of orientation undertaken in this chapter.
                                                  --L. F. Ward.
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