From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Quotient \Quo"tient\ (kw[=o]"shent), n. [F., fr. L. quoties how
   often, how many times, fr. quot how many. See Quota.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. (Arith.) The number resulting from the division of one
      number by another, and showing how often a less number is
      contained in a greater; thus, the quotient of twelve
      divided by four is three.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Higher Alg.) The result of any process inverse to
      multiplication. See the Note under Multiplication.
      [1913 Webster]
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