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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Vicarious \Vi*ca"ri*ous\ (v[-i]*k[=a]"[i^]*[u^]s), a. [L. vicarius, from vicis change, alternation, turn, the position, place, or office of one person as assumed by another; akin to Gr. e'i`kein to yield, give way, G. wechsel a change, and probably also to E. weak. See Weak, and cf. Vice, prep.] 1. Of or pertaining to a vicar, substitute, or deputy; deputed; delegated; as, vicarious power or authority. [1913 Webster] 2. Acting or suffering for another; as, a vicarious agent or officer. [1913 Webster] The soul in the body is but a subordinate efficient, and vicarious . . . in the hands of the Almighty. --Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster] 3. Performed,experienced, or suffered in the place of another; substituted; as, a vicarious sacrifice; vicarious punishment; vicarious pleasure. [1913 Webster + PJC] The vicarious work of the Great Deliverer. --I. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 4. (Med.) Acting as a substitute; -- said of abnormal action which replaces a suppressed normal function; as, vicarious hemorrhage replacing menstruation. [1913 Webster]