work


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Work \Work\ (w[^u]rk), n. [OE. work, werk, weorc, AS. weorc,
   worc; akin to OFries. werk, wirk, OS., D., & G. werk, OHG.
   werc, werah, Icel. & Sw. verk, Dan. v[ae]rk, Goth.
   gawa['u]rki, Gr. 'e`rgon, [digamma]e`rgon, work, "re`zein to
   do, 'o`rganon an instrument, 'o`rgia secret rites, Zend verez
   to work. [root]145. Cf. Bulwark, Energy, Erg,
   Georgic, Liturgy, Metallurgy, Organ, Orgy,
   Surgeon, Wright.]
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   1. Exertion of strength or faculties; physical or
      intellectual effort directed to an end; industrial
      activity; toil; employment; sometimes, specifically,
      physical labor.
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            Man hath his daily work of body or mind
            Appointed.                            --Milton.
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   2. The matter on which one is at work; that upon which one
      spends labor; material for working upon; subject of
      exertion; the thing occupying one; business; duty; as, to
      take up one's work; to drop one's work.
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            Come on, Nerissa; I have work in hand
            That you yet know not of.             --Shak.
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            In every work that he began . . . he did it with all
            his heart, and prospered.             --2 Chron.
                                                  xxxi. 21.
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   3. That which is produced as the result of labor; anything
      accomplished by exertion or toil; product; performance;
      fabric; manufacture; in a more general sense, act, deed,
      service, effect, result, achievement, feat.
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            To leave no rubs or blotches in the work. --Shak.
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            The work some praise,
            And some the architect.               --Milton.
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            Fancy . . .
            Wild work produces oft, and most in dreams.
                                                  --Milton.
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            The composition or dissolution of mixed bodies . . .
            is the chief work of elements.        --Sir K.
                                                  Digby.
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   4. Specifically:
      (a) That which is produced by mental labor; a composition;
          a book; as, a work, or the works, of Addison.
      (b) Flowers, figures, or the like, wrought with the
          needle; embroidery.
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                I am glad I have found this napkin; . . .
                I'll have the work ta'en out,
                And give 't Iago.                 --Shak.
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      (c) pl. Structures in civil, military, or naval
          engineering, as docks, bridges, embankments, trenches,
          fortifications, and the like; also, the structures and
          grounds of a manufacturing establishment; as, iron
          works; locomotive works; gas works.
      (d) pl. The moving parts of a mechanism; as, the works of
          a watch.
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   5. Manner of working; management; treatment; as, unskillful
      work spoiled the effect. --Bp. Stillingfleet.
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   6. (Mech.) The causing of motion against a resisting force.
      The amount of work is proportioned to, and is measured by,
      the product of the force into the amount of motion along
      the direction of the force. See Conservation of energy,
      under Conservation, Unit of work, under Unit, also
      Foot pound, Horse power, Poundal, and Erg.
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            Energy is the capacity of doing work . . . Work is
            the transference of energy from one system to
            another.                              --Clerk
                                                  Maxwell.
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   7. (Mining) Ore before it is dressed. --Raymond.
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   8. pl. (Script.) Performance of moral duties; righteous
      conduct.
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            He shall reward every man according to his works.
                                                  --Matt. xvi.
                                                  27.
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            Faith, if it hath not works, is dead. --James ii.
                                                  17.
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   9. (Cricket) Break; twist. [Cant]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   10. (Mech.) The causing of motion against a resisting force,
       measured by the product of the force into the component
       of the motion resolved along the direction of the force.

             Energy is the capacity of doing work. . . . Work is
             the transference of energy from one system to
             another.                             --Clerk
                                                  Maxwell.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   11. (Mining) Ore before it is dressed.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   Muscular work (Physiol.), the work done by a muscle through
      the power of contraction.

   To go to work, to begin laboring; to commence operations;
      to contrive; to manage. "I 'll go another way to work with
      him." --Shak.

   To set on work, to cause to begin laboring; to set to work.
      [Obs.] --Hooker.

   To set to work, to employ; to cause to engage in any
      business or labor.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Work \Work\ (w[^u]rk), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Worked (w[^u]rkt),
   or Wrought (r[add]t); p. pr. & vb. n. Working.] [AS.
   wyrcean (imp. worthe, wrohte, p. p. geworht, gewroht); akin
   to OFries. werka, wirka, OS. wirkian, D. werken, G. wirken,
   Icel. verka, yrkja, orka, Goth. wa['u]rkjan. [root]145. See
   Work, n.]
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   1. To exert one's self for a purpose; to put forth effort for
      the attainment of an object; to labor; to be engaged in
      the performance of a task, a duty, or the like.
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            O thou good Kent, how shall I live and work,
            To match thy goodness?                --Shak.
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            Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw
            be given you.                         --Ex. v. 18.
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            Whether we work or play, or sleep or wake,
            Our life doth pass.                   --Sir J.
                                                  Davies.
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   2. Hence, in a general sense, to operate; to act; to perform;
      as, a machine works well.
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            We bend to that the working of the heart. --Shak.
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   3. Hence, figuratively, to be effective; to have effect or
      influence; to conduce.
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            We know that all things work together for good to
            them that love God.                   --Rom. viii.
                                                  28.
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            This so wrought upon the child, that afterwards he
            desired to be taught.                 --Locke.
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            She marveled how she could ever have been wrought
            upon to marry him.                    --Hawthorne.
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   4. To carry on business; to be engaged or employed
      customarily; to perform the part of a laborer; to labor;
      to toil.
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            They that work in fine flax . . . shall be
            confounded.                           --Isa. xix. 9.
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   5. To be in a state of severe exertion, or as if in such a
      state; to be tossed or agitated; to move heavily; to
      strain; to labor; as, a ship works in a heavy sea.
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            Confused with working sands and rolling waves.
                                                  --Addison.
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   6. To make one's way slowly and with difficulty; to move or
      penetrate laboriously; to proceed with effort; -- with a
      following preposition, as down, out, into, up, through,
      and the like; as, scheme works out by degrees; to work
      into the earth.
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            Till body up to spirit work, in bounds
            Proportioned to each kind.            --Milton.
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   7. To ferment, as a liquid.
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            The working of beer when the barm is put in.
                                                  --Bacon.
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   8. To act or operate on the stomach and bowels, as a
      cathartic.
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            Purges . . . work best, that is, cause the blood so
            to do, . . . in warm weather or in a warm room.
                                                  --Grew.
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   To work at, to be engaged in or upon; to be employed in.

   To work to windward (Naut.), to sail or ply against the
      wind; to tack to windward. --Mar. Dict.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Work \Work\ (w[^u]rk), v. t.
   1. To labor or operate upon; to give exertion and effort to;
      to prepare for use, or to utilize, by labor.
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            He could have told them of two or three gold mines,
            and a silver mine, and given the reason why they
            forbare to work them at that time.    --Sir W.
                                                  Raleigh.
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   2. To produce or form by labor; to bring forth by exertion or
      toil; to accomplish; to originate; to effect; as, to work
      wood or iron into a form desired, or into a utensil; to
      work cotton or wool into cloth.
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            Each herb he knew, that works or good or ill.
                                                  --Harte.
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   3. To produce by slow degrees, or as if laboriously; to bring
      gradually into any state by action or motion. "Sidelong he
      works his way." --Milton.
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            So the pure, limpid stream, when foul with stains
            Of rushing torrents and descending rains,
            Works itself clear, and as it runs, refines,
            Till by degrees the floating mirror shines.
                                                  --Addison.
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   4. To influence by acting upon; to prevail upon; to manage;
      to lead. "Work your royal father to his ruin." --Philips.
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   5. To form with a needle and thread or yarn; especially, to
      embroider; as, to work muslin.
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   6. To set in motion or action; to direct the action of; to
      keep at work; to govern; to manage; as, to work a machine.
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            Knowledge in building and working ships.
                                                  --Arbuthnot.
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            Now, Marcus, thy virtue's the proof;
            Put forth thy utmost strength, work every nerve.
                                                  --Addison.
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            The mariners all 'gan work the ropes,
            Where they were wont to do.           --Coleridge.
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   7. To cause to ferment, as liquor.
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   To work a passage (Naut.), to pay for a passage by doing
      work.

   To work double tides (Naut.), to perform the labor of three
      days in two; -- a phrase which alludes to a practice of
      working by the night tide as well as by the day.

   To work in, to insert, introduce, mingle, or interweave by
      labor or skill.

   To work into, to force, urge, or insinuate into; as, to
      work one's self into favor or confidence.

   To work off, to remove gradually, as by labor, or a gradual
      process; as, beer works off impurities in fermenting.

   To work out.
      (a) To effect by labor and exertion. "Work out your own
          salvation with fear and trembling." --Phil. ii. 12.
      (b) To erase; to efface. [R.]
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                Tears of joy for your returning spilt,
                Work out and expiate our former guilt. --Dryden.
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      (c) To solve, as a problem.
      (d) To exhaust, as a mine, by working.

   To work up.
      (a) To raise; to excite; to stir up; as, to work up the
          passions to rage.
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                The sun, that rolls his chariot o'er their
                heads,
                Works up more fire and color in their cheeks.
                                                  --Addison.
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      (b) To expend in any work, as materials; as, they have
          worked up all the stock.
      (c) (Naut.) To make over or into something else, as yarns
          drawn from old rigging, made into spun yarn, foxes,
          sennit, and the like; also, to keep constantly at work
          upon needless matters, as a crew in order to punish
          them. --R. H. Dana, Jr.
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