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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Zionism \Zi"on*ism\, n. [Zion + -ism.] Among the Jews, a theory, plan, or movement for colonizing their own race in Palestine, the land of Zion, or, if that is impracticable, elsewhere, either for religious or nationalizing purposes; -- called also Zion movement. -- Zi"on*ist, n. -- Zi`on*is"tic, a. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]