apprehension


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Apprehension \Ap`pre*hen"sion\, n. [L. apprehensio: cf. F.
   appr['e]hension. See Apprehend.]
   1. The act of seizing or taking hold of; seizure; as, the
      hand is an organ of apprehension. --Sir T. Browne.
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   2. The act of seizing or taking by legal process; arrest; as,
      the felon, after his apprehension, escaped.
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   3. The act of grasping with the intellect; the contemplation
      of things, without affirming, denying, or passing any
      judgment; intellection; perception.
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            Simple apprehension denotes no more than the soul's
            naked intellection of an object.      --Glanvill.
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   4. Opinion; conception; sentiment; idea.
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   Note: In this sense, the word often denotes a belief, founded
         on sufficient evidence to give preponderation to the
         mind, but insufficient to induce certainty; as, in our
         apprehension, the facts prove the issue.
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               To false, and to be thought false, is all one in
               respect of men, who act not according to truth,
               but apprehension.                  --South.
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   5. The faculty by which ideas are conceived; understanding;
      as, a man of dull apprehension.
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   6. Anticipation, mostly of things unfavorable; distrust or
      fear at the prospect of future evil.
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            After the death of his nephew Caligula, Claudius was
            in no small apprehension for his own life.
                                                  --Addison.
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   Syn: Apprehension, Alarm.

   Usage: Apprehension springs from a sense of danger when
          somewhat remote, but approaching; alarm arises from
          danger when announced as near at hand. Apprehension is
          calmer and more permanent; alarm is more agitating and
          transient.
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