arrhenatherum avenaceum


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Barnyard grass, for hay. South. Panicum Grus-galli. Bent,
pasture and hay. Agrostis, several species. Bermuda grass,
pasture. South. Cynodon Dactylon. Black bent. Same as {Switch
grass} (below). Blue bent, hay. North and West. {Andropogon
provincialis}. Blue grass, pasture. Poa compressa. Blue joint,
hay. Northwest. Aqropyrum glaucum. Buffalo grass, grazing.
Rocky Mts., etc.
      (a) Buchlo["e] dectyloides.
      (b) Same as Grama grass (below). Bunch grass, grazing.
          Far West. Eriocoma, Festuca, Stips, etc. Chess,
          or Cheat, a weed. Bromus secalinus, etc. Couch
          grass. Same as Quick grass (below). Crab grass,
      (a) Hay, in South. A weed, in North. Panicum sanguinale.
      (b) Pasture and hay. South. Eleusine Indica. Darnel
      (a) Bearded, a noxious weed. Lolium temulentum.
      (b) Common. Same as Rye grass (below). Drop seed, fair
          for forage and hay. Muhlenbergia, several species.
          English grass. Same as Redtop (below). Fowl meadow
          grass.
      (a) Pasture and hay. Poa serotina.
      (b) Hay, on moist land. Gryceria nervata. Gama grass,
          cut fodder. South. Tripsacum dactyloides. Grama
          grass, grazing. West and Pacific slope. {Bouteloua
          oligostachya}, etc. Great bunch grass, pasture and
          hay. Far West. Festuca scabrella. Guinea grass, hay.
          South. Panicum jumentorum. Herd's grass, in New
          England Timothy, in Pennsylvania and South Redtop.
          Indian grass. Same as Wood grass (below). Italian
          rye grass, forage and hay. Lolium Italicum. Johnson
          grass, grazing and hay. South and Southwest. {Sorghum
          Halepense}. Kentucky blue grass, pasture. {Poa
          pratensis}. Lyme grass, coarse hay. South. Elymus,
          several species. Manna grass, pasture and hay.
          Glyceria, several species. Meadow fescue, pasture
          and hay. Festuca elatior. Meadow foxtail, pasture,
          hay, lawn. North. Alopecurus pratensis. Meadow
          grass, pasture, hay, lawn. Poa, several species.
          Mesquite grass, or Muskit grass. Same as Grama grass
          (above). Nimble Will, a kind of drop seed.
          Muhlenbergia diffsa. Orchard grass, pasture and hay.
          Dactylis glomerata. Porcupine grass, troublesome to
          sheep. Northwest. Stipa spartea. Quaking grass,
          ornamental. Briza media and maxima. Quitch, or
          Quick, grass, etc., a weed. Agropyrum repens. Ray
          grass. Same as Rye grass (below). Redtop, pasture
          and hay. Agrostis vulgaris. Red-topped buffalo
          grass, forage. Northwest. Poa tenuifolia. Reed
          canary grass, of slight value. Phalaris arundinacea.
          Reed meadow grass, hay. North. Glyceria aquatica.
          Ribbon grass, a striped leaved form of {Reed canary
          grass}. Rye grass, pasture, hay. Lolium perenne,
          var. Seneca grass, fragrant basket work, etc. North.
          Hierochloa borealis. Sesame grass. Same as {Gama
          grass} (above). Sheep's fescue, sheep pasture, native
          in Northern Europe and Asia. Festuca ovina. Small
          reed grass, meadow pasture and hay. North. {Deyeuxia
          Canadensis}. Spear grass, Same as Meadow grass
          (above). Squirrel-tail grass, troublesome to animals.
          Seacoast and Northwest. Hordeum jubatum. Switch
          grass, hay, cut young. Panicum virgatum. Timothy,
          cut young, the best of hay. North. Phleum pratense.
          Velvet grass, hay on poor soil. South. {Holcus
          lanatus}. Vernal grass, pasture, hay, lawn.
          Anthoxanthum odoratum. Wire grass, valuable in
          pastures. Poa compressa. Wood grass, Indian grass,
          hay. Chrysopogon nutans.
          [1913 Webster]

   Note: Many plants are popularly called grasses which are not
         true grasses botanically considered, such as black
         grass, goose grass, star grass, etc.
         [1913 Webster]

   Black grass, a kind of small rush (Juncus Gerardi),
      growing in salt marshes, used for making salt hay.

   Grass of the Andes, an oat grass, the {Arrhenatherum
      avenaceum} of Europe.

   Grass of Parnassus, a plant of the genus Parnassia
      growing in wet ground. The European species is {Parnassia
      palustris}; in the United States there are several
      species.

   Grass bass (Zool.), the calico bass.

   Grass bird, the dunlin.

   Grass cloth, a cloth woven from the tough fibers of the
      grass-cloth plant.

   Grass-cloth plant, a perennial herb of the Nettle family
      (B[oe]hmeria nivea syn. Urtica nivea), which grows in
      Sumatra, China, and Assam, whose inner bark has fine and
      strong fibers suited for textile purposes.

   Grass finch. (Zool.)
      (a) A common American sparrow ({Po["o]c[ae]tes
          gramineus}); -- called also vesper sparrow and
          bay-winged bunting.
      (b) Any Australian finch, of the genus Po["e]phila, of
          which several species are known.

   Grass lamb, a lamb suckled by a dam running on pasture land
      and giving rich milk.

   Grass land, land kept in grass and not tilled.

   Grass moth (Zool.), one of many small moths of the genus
      Crambus, found in grass.

   Grass oil, a fragrant essential volatile oil, obtained in
      India from grasses of the genus Andropogon, etc.; --
      used in perfumery under the name of citronella, {ginger
      grass oil}, lemon grass oil, essence of verbena etc.
      

   Grass owl (Zool.), a South African owl (Strix Capensis).
      

   Grass parrakeet (Zool.), any of several species of
      Australian parrots, of the genus Euphemia; -- also
      applied to the zebra parrakeet.

   Grass plover (Zool.), the upland or field plover.

   Grass poly (Bot.), a species of willowwort ({Lythrum
      Hyssopifolia}). --Johnson.

   Crass quit (Zool.), one of several tropical American
      finches of the genus Euetheia. The males have most of
      the head and chest black and often marked with yellow.

   Grass snake. (Zool.)
      (a) The common English, or ringed, snake ({Tropidonotus
          natrix}).
      (b) The common green snake of the Northern United States.
          See Green snake, under Green.

   Grass snipe (Zool.), the pectoral sandpiper ({Tringa
      maculata}); -- called also jacksnipe in America.

   Grass spider (Zool.), a common spider (Agelena n[ae]via),
      which spins flat webs on grass, conspicuous when covered
      with dew.

   Grass sponge (Zool.), an inferior kind of commercial sponge
      from Florida and the Bahamas.

   Grass table. (Arch.) See Earth table, under Earth.

   Grass vetch (Bot.), a vetch (Lathyrus Nissolia), with
      narrow grasslike leaves.

   Grass widow. [Cf. Prov. R. an unmarried mother, G.
      strohwittwe a mock widow, Sw. gr[aum]senka a grass widow.]
      (a) An unmarried woman who is a mother. [Obs.]
      (b) A woman separated from her husband by abandonment or
          prolonged absence; a woman living apart from her
          husband. [Slang.]

   Grass wrack (Bot.) eelgrass.

   To bring to grass (Mining.), to raise, as ore, to the
      surface of the ground.

   To put to grass, To put out to grass, to put out to graze
      a season, as cattle.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Oat \Oat\ ([=o]t), n.; pl. Oats ([=o]ts). [OE. ote, ate, AS.
   [=a]ta, akin to Fries. oat. Of uncertain origin.]
   1. (Bot.) A well-known cereal grass (Avena sativa), and its
      edible grain, used as food and fodder; -- commonly used in
      the plural and in a collective sense.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. A musical pipe made of oat straw. [Obs.] --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   Animated oats or Animal oats (Bot.), A grass ({Avena
      sterilis}) much like oats, but with a long spirally
      twisted awn which coils and uncoils with changes of
      moisture, and thus gives the grains an apparently
      automatic motion.

   Oat fowl (Zool.), the snow bunting; -- so called from its
      feeding on oats. [Prov. Eng.]

   Oat grass (Bot.), the name of several grasses more or less
      resembling oats, as Danthonia spicata, {Danthonia
      sericea}, and Arrhenatherum avenaceum, all common in
      parts of the United States.

   To feel one's oats,
      (a) to be conceited or self-important. [Slang]
      (b) to feel lively and energetic.

   To sow one's wild oats, to indulge in youthful dissipation.
      --Thackeray.

   Wild oats (Bot.), a grass (Avena fatua) much resembling
      oats, and by some persons supposed to be the original of
      cultivated oats.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wild \Wild\, a. [Compar. Wilder; superl. Wildest.] [OE.
   wilde, AS. wilde; akin to OFries. wilde, D. wild, OS. & OHG.
   wildi, G. wild, Sw. & Dan. vild, Icel. villr wild,
   bewildered, astray, Goth. wilpeis wild, and G. & OHG. wild
   game, deer; of uncertain origin.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. Living in a state of nature; inhabiting natural haunts, as
      the forest or open field; not familiar with, or not easily
      approached by, man; not tamed or domesticated; as, a wild
      boar; a wild ox; a wild cat.
      [1913 Webster]

            Winter's not gone yet, if the wild geese fly that
            way.                                  --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Growing or produced without culture; growing or prepared
      without the aid and care of man; native; not cultivated;
      brought forth by unassisted nature or by animals not
      domesticated; as, wild parsnip, wild camomile, wild
      strawberry, wild honey.
      [1913 Webster]

            The woods and desert caves,
            With wild thyme and gadding vine o'ergrown.
                                                  --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Desert; not inhabited or cultivated; as, wild land. "To
      trace the forests wild." --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Savage; uncivilized; not refined by culture; ferocious;
      rude; as, wild natives of Africa or America.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. Not submitted to restraint, training, or regulation;
      turbulent; tempestuous; violent; ungoverned; licentious;
      inordinate; disorderly; irregular; fanciful; imaginary;
      visionary; crazy. "Valor grown wild by pride." --Prior. "A
      wild, speculative project." --Swift.
      [1913 Webster]

            What are these
            So withered and so wild in their attire ? --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

            With mountains, as with weapons, armed; which makes
            Wild work in heaven.                  --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

            The wild winds howl.                  --Addison.
      [1913 Webster]

            Search then the ruling passion, there, alone
            The wild are constant, and the cunning known.
                                                  --Pope.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. Exposed to the wind and sea; unsheltered; as, a wild
      roadstead.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. Indicating strong emotion, intense excitement, or
      ?ewilderment; as, a wild look.
      [1913 Webster]

   8. (Naut.) Hard to steer; -- said of a vessel.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Many plants are named by prefixing wild to the names of
         other better known or cultivated plants to which they a
         bear a real or fancied resemblance; as, wild allspice,
         wild pink, etc. See the Phrases below.
         [1913 Webster]
         [1913 Webster]

   To run wild, to go unrestrained or untamed; to live or
      untamed; to live or grow without culture or training.

   To sow one's wild oats. See under Oat.
      [1913 Webster]

   Wild allspice. (Bot.), spicewood.

   Wild balsam apple (Bot.), an American climbing
      cucurbitaceous plant (Echinocystis lobata).

   Wild basil (Bot.), a fragrant labiate herb ({Calamintha
      Clinopodium}) common in Europe and America.

   Wild bean (Bot.), a name of several leguminous plants,
      mostly species of Phaseolus and Apios.

   Wild bee (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
      undomesticated social bees, especially the domestic bee
      when it has escaped from domestication and built its nest
      in a hollow tree or among rocks.

   Wild bergamot. (Bot.) See under Bergamot.

   Wild boar (Zool.), the European wild hog (Sus scrofa),
      from which the common domesticated swine is descended.

   Wild brier (Bot.), any uncultivated species of brier. See
      Brier.

   Wild bugloss (Bot.), an annual rough-leaved plant
      (Lycopsis arvensis) with small blue flowers.

   Wild camomile (Bot.), one or more plants of the composite
      genus Matricaria, much resembling camomile.

   Wild cat. (Zool.)
      (a) A European carnivore (Felis catus) somewhat
          resembling the domestic cat, but larger stronger, and
          having a short tail. It is destructive to the smaller
          domestic animals, such as lambs, kids, poultry, and
          the like.
      (b) The common American lynx, or bay lynx.
      (c) (Naut.) A wheel which can be adjusted so as to revolve
          either with, or on, the shaft of a capstan. --Luce.

   Wild celery. (Bot.) See Tape grass, under Tape.

   Wild cherry. (Bot.)
      (a) Any uncultivated tree which bears cherries. The wild
          red cherry is Prunus Pennsylvanica. The wild black
          cherry is Prunus serotina, the wood of which is much
          used for cabinetwork, being of a light red color and a
          compact texture.
      (b) The fruit of various species of Prunus.

   Wild cinnamon. See the Note under Canella.

   Wild comfrey (Bot.), an American plant ({Cynoglossum
      Virginicum}) of the Borage family. It has large bristly
      leaves and small blue flowers.

   Wild cumin (Bot.), an annual umbelliferous plant
      (Lag[oe]cia cuminoides) native in the countries about
      the Mediterranean.

   Wild drake (Zool.) the mallard.

   Wild elder (Bot.), an American plant (Aralia hispida) of
      the Ginseng family.

   Wild fowl (Zool.) any wild bird, especially any of those
      considered as game birds.

   Wild goose (Zool.), any one of several species of
      undomesticated geese, especially the Canada goose ({Branta
      Canadensis}), the European bean goose, and the graylag.
      See Graylag, and Bean goose, under Bean.

   Wild goose chase, the pursuit of something unattainable, or
      of something as unlikely to be caught as the wild goose.
      --Shak.

   Wild honey, honey made by wild bees, and deposited in
      trees, rocks, the like.

   Wild hyacinth. (Bot.) See Hyacinth, 1
      (b) .

   Wild Irishman (Bot.), a thorny bush (Discaria Toumatou)
      of the Buckthorn family, found in New Zealand, where the
      natives use the spines in tattooing.

   Wild land.
      (a) Land not cultivated, or in a state that renders it
          unfit for cultivation.
      (b) Land which is not settled and cultivated.

   Wild licorice. (Bot.) See under Licorice.

   Wild mammee (Bot.), the oblong, yellowish, acid fruit of a
      tropical American tree (Rheedia lateriflora); -- so
      called in the West Indies.

   Wild marjoram (Bot.), a labiate plant (Origanum vulgare)
      much like the sweet marjoram, but less aromatic.

   Wild oat. (Bot.)
      (a) A tall, oatlike kind of soft grass ({Arrhenatherum
          avenaceum}).
      (b) See Wild oats, under Oat.

   Wild pieplant (Bot.), a species of dock ({Rumex
      hymenosepalus}) found from Texas to California. Its acid,
      juicy stems are used as a substitute for the garden
      rhubarb.

   Wild pigeon. (Zool.)
      (a) The rock dove.
      (b) The passenger pigeon.

   Wild pink (Bot.), an American plant ({Silene
      Pennsylvanica}) with pale, pinkish flowers; a kind of
      catchfly.

   Wild plantain (Bot.), an arborescent endogenous herb
      (Heliconia Bihai), much resembling the banana. Its
      leaves and leaf sheaths are much used in the West Indies
      as coverings for packages of merchandise.

   Wild plum. (Bot.)
      (a) Any kind of plum growing without cultivation.
      (b) The South African prune. See under Prune.

   Wild rice. (Bot.) See Indian rice, under Rice.

   Wild rosemary (Bot.), the evergreen shrub {Andromeda
      polifolia}. See Marsh rosemary, under Rosemary.

   Wild sage. (Bot.) See Sagebrush.

   Wild sarsaparilla (Bot.), a species of ginseng ({Aralia
      nudicaulis}) bearing a single long-stalked leaf.

   Wild sensitive plant (Bot.), either one of two annual
      leguminous herbs (Cassia Chamaecrista, and {Cassia
      nictitans}), in both of which the leaflets close quickly
      when the plant is disturbed.

   Wild service.(Bot.) See Sorb.

   Wild Spaniard (Bot.), any one of several umbelliferous
      plants of the genus Aciphylla, natives of New Zealand.
      The leaves bear numerous bayonetlike spines, and the
      plants form an impenetrable thicket.

   Wild turkey. (Zool.) See 2d Turkey.
      [1913 Webster]
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