bacillus anthracis


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

malignant \ma*lig"nant\, a. [L. malignans, -antis, p. pr. of
   malignare, malignari, to do or make maliciously. See
   Malign, and cf. Benignant.]
   1. Disposed to do harm, inflict suffering, or cause distress;
      actuated by extreme malevolence or enmity; virulently
      inimical; bent on evil; malicious.
      [1913 Webster]

            A malignant and a turbaned Turk.      --Shak.
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   2. Characterized or caused by evil intentions; pernicious.
      "Malignant care." --Macaulay.
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            Some malignant power upon my life.    --Shak.
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            Something deleterious and malignant as his touch.
                                                  --Hawthorne.
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   3. (Med.) Tending to produce death; threatening a fatal
      issue; virulent; as, malignant diphtheria.
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   Malignant pustule (Med.), a very contagious disease
      produced by infection of subcutaneous tissues with the
      bacterium Bacillus anthracis. It is transmitted to man
      from animals and is characterized by the formation, at the
      point of reception of the infection, of a vesicle or
      pustule which first enlarges and then breaks down into an
      unhealthy ulcer. It is marked by profound exhaustion and
      often fatal. The disease in animals is called charbon;
      in man it is called cutaneous anthrax, and formerly was
      sometimes called simply anthrax.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Anthrax \An"thrax\ ([a^]n"thr[a^]ks), n. [L., fr. Gr. 'a`nqrax
   coal, carbuncle.]
   1. (Med.)
      (a) A carbuncle.
      (b) A malignant pustule.
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   2. (Biol.) A microscopic, bacterial organism ({Bacillus
      anthracis}), resembling transparent rods. [See Illust.
      under Bacillus.]
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   3. An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed
      to the presence of a rod-shaped gram-positive bacterium
      (Bacillus anthracis), the spores of which constitute the
      contagious matter. It may be transmitted to man by
      inoculation. The spleen becomes greatly enlarged and
      filled with bacteria. Called also splenic fever.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Anthrax vaccine \An"thrax vac"cine\ (Veter.)
   A fluid vaccine obtained by growing a bacterium ({Bacillus
   anthracis}, formerly Bacterium anthracis) in beef broth. It
   is used to immunize animals, esp. cattle.
   [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
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