barnacle


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Barnacle \Bar"na*cle\, n. [See Bernicle.]
   A bernicle goose.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Barnacle \Bar"na*cle\, n. [OE. bernak, bernacle; cf. OF. bernac,
   and Prov. F. (Berri) berniques, spectacles.]
   1. pl. (Far.) An instrument for pinching a horse's nose, and
      thus restraining him.

   Note: [Formerly used in the sing.]
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               The barnacles . . . give pain almost equal to
               that of the switch.                --Youatt.
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   2. pl. Spectacles; -- so called from their resemblance to the
      barnacles used by farriers. [Cant, Eng.] --Dickens.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Barnacle \Bar"na*cle\, n. [Prob. from E. barnacle a kind of
   goose, which was popularly supposed to grow from this
   shellfish; but perh. from LL. bernacula for pernacula, dim.
   of perna ham, sea mussel; cf. Gr. pe`rna ham. Cf. F.
   bernacle, barnacle, E. barnacle a goose; and Ir. bairneach,
   barneach, limpet.] (Zool.)
   Any cirriped crustacean adhering to rocks, floating timber,
   ships, etc., esp.
   (a) the sessile species (genus Balanus and allies), and
   (b) the stalked or goose barnacles (genus Lepas and
       allies). See Cirripedia, and Goose barnacle.
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   Barnacle eater (Zool.), the orange filefish.

   Barnacle scale (Zool.), a bark louse ({Ceroplastes
      cirripediformis}) of the orange and quince trees in
      Florida. The female scale curiously resembles a sessile
      barnacle in form.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Bernicle \Ber"ni*cle\, n. [OE. bernak, bernacle; cf. OF. bernac;
   prob. fr. LL. bernacula for hibernicula, bernicula, fr.
   Hibernia; the birds coming from Hibernia or Ireland. Cf. 1st
   Barnacle.]
   A bernicle goose. [Written also barnacle.]
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   Bernicle goose (Zool.), a goose (Branta leucopsis), of
      Arctic Europe and America. It was formerly believed that
      it hatched from the cirripeds of the sea (Lepas), which
      were, therefore, called barnacles, goose barnacles, or
      Anatifers. The name is also applied to other related
      species. See Anatifa and Cirripedia.
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