before the wind


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Wind \Wind\ (w[i^]nd, in poetry and singing often w[imac]nd;
   277), n. [AS. wind; akin to OS., OFries., D., & G. wind, OHG.
   wint, Dan. & Sw. vind, Icel. vindr, Goth winds, W. gwynt, L.
   ventus, Skr. v[=a]ta (cf. Gr. 'ah`ths a blast, gale, 'ah^nai
   to breathe hard, to blow, as the wind); originally a p. pr.
   from the verb seen in Skr. v[=a] to blow, akin to AS.
   w[=a]wan, D. waaijen, G. wehen, OHG. w[=a]en, w[=a]jen, Goth.
   waian. [root]131. Cf. Air, Ventail, Ventilate,
   Window, Winnow.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. Air naturally in motion with any degree of velocity; a
      current of air.
      [1913 Webster]

            Except wind stands as never it stood,
            It is an ill wind that turns none to good. --Tusser.
      [1913 Webster]

            Winds were soft, and woods were green. --Longfellow.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action; as,
      the wind of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or
      by an instrument.
      [1913 Webster]

            Their instruments were various in their kind,
            Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
                                                  --Dryden.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Power of respiration; breath.
      [1913 Webster]

            If my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I
            would repent.                         --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. Air or gas generated in the stomach or bowels; flatulence;
      as, to be troubled with wind.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. Air impregnated with an odor or scent.
      [1913 Webster]

            A pack of dogfish had him in the wind. --Swift.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the
      compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are
      often called the four winds.
      [1913 Webster]

            Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon
            these slain.                          --Ezek.
                                                  xxxvii. 9.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: This sense seems to have had its origin in the East.
         The Hebrews gave to each of the four cardinal points
         the name of wind.
         [1913 Webster]

   8. (Far.) A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are
      distended with air, or rather affected with a violent
      inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
      [1913 Webster]

   9. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
      [1913 Webster]

            Nor think thou with wind
            Of airy threats to awe.               --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   10. (Zool.) The dotterel. [Prov. Eng.]
       [1913 Webster]

   11. (Boxing) The region of the pit of the stomach, where a
       blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss
       of breath or other injury; the mark. [Slang or Cant]
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   Note: Wind is often used adjectively, or as the first part of
         compound words.
         [1913 Webster]

   All in the wind. (Naut.) See under All, n.

   Before the wind. (Naut.) See under Before.

   Between wind and water (Naut.), in that part of a ship's
      side or bottom which is frequently brought above water by
      the rolling of the ship, or fluctuation of the water's
      surface. Hence, colloquially, (as an injury to that part
      of a vessel, in an engagement, is particularly dangerous)
      the vulnerable part or point of anything.

   Cardinal winds. See under Cardinal, a.

   Down the wind.
       (a) In the direction of, and moving with, the wind; as,
           birds fly swiftly down the wind.
       (b) Decaying; declining; in a state of decay. [Obs.] "He
           went down the wind still." --L'Estrange.

   In the wind's eye (Naut.), directly toward the point from
      which the wind blows.

   Three sheets in the wind, unsteady from drink. [Sailors'
      Slang]

   To be in the wind, to be suggested or expected; to be a
      matter of suspicion or surmise. [Colloq.]

   To carry the wind (Man.), to toss the nose as high as the
      ears, as a horse.

   To raise the wind, to procure money. [Colloq.]

   To take the wind or To have the wind, to gain or have the
      advantage. --Bacon.

   To take the wind out of one's sails, to cause one to stop,
      or lose way, as when a vessel intercepts the wind of
      another; to cause one to lose enthusiasm, or momentum in
      an activity. [Colloq.]

   To take wind, or To get wind, to be divulged; to become
      public; as, the story got wind, or took wind.

   Wind band (Mus.), a band of wind instruments; a military
      band; the wind instruments of an orchestra.

   Wind chest (Mus.), a chest or reservoir of wind in an
      organ.

   Wind dropsy. (Med.)
       (a) Tympanites.
       (b) Emphysema of the subcutaneous areolar tissue.

   Wind egg, an imperfect, unimpregnated, or addled egg.

   Wind furnace. See the Note under Furnace.

   Wind gauge. See under Gauge.

   Wind gun. Same as Air gun.

   Wind hatch (Mining), the opening or place where the ore is
      taken out of the earth.

   Wind instrument (Mus.), an instrument of music sounded by
      means of wind, especially by means of the breath, as a
      flute, a clarinet, etc.

   Wind pump, a pump moved by a windmill.

   Wind rose, a table of the points of the compass, giving the
      states of the barometer, etc., connected with winds from
      the different directions.

   Wind sail.
       (a) (Naut.) A wide tube or funnel of canvas, used to
           convey a stream of air for ventilation into the lower
           compartments of a vessel.
       (b) The sail or vane of a windmill.

   Wind shake, a crack or incoherence in timber produced by
      violent winds while the timber was growing.

   Wind shock, a wind shake.

   Wind side, the side next the wind; the windward side. [R.]
      --Mrs. Browning.

   Wind rush (Zool.), the redwing. [Prov. Eng.]

   Wind wheel, a motor consisting of a wheel moved by wind.

   Wood wind (Mus.), the flutes and reed instruments of an
      orchestra, collectively.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Before \Be*fore"\, prep. [OE. beforen, biforen, before, AS.
   beforan; pref. be- + foran, fore, before. See Be-, and
   Fore.]
   1. In front of; preceding in space; ahead of; as, to stand
      before the fire; before the house.
      [1913 Webster]

            His angel, who shall go
            Before them in a cloud and pillar of fire. --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Preceding in time; earlier than; previously to; anterior
      to the time when; -- sometimes with the additional idea of
      purpose; in order that.
      [1913 Webster]

            Before Abraham was, I am.             --John viii.
                                                  58.
      [1913 Webster]

            Before this treatise can become of use, two points
            are necessary.                        --Swift.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Formerly before, in this sense, was followed by that.
         "Before that Philip called thee . . . I saw thee."
         --John i. 48.
         [1913 Webster]

   3. An advance of; farther onward, in place or time.
      [1913 Webster]

            The golden age . . . is before us.    --Carlyle.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Prior or preceding in dignity, order, rank, right, or
      worth; rather than.
      [1913 Webster]

            He that cometh after me is preferred before me.
                                                  --John i. 15.
      [1913 Webster]

            The eldest son is before the younger in succession.
                                                  --Johnson.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. In presence or sight of; face to face with; facing.
      [1913 Webster]

            Abraham bowed down himself before the people. --Gen.
                                                  xxiii. 12.
      [1913 Webster]

            Wherewith shall I come before the Lord? --Micah vi.
                                                  6.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. Under the cognizance or jurisdiction of.
      [1913 Webster]

            If a suit be begun before an archdeacon. --Ayliffe.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. Open for; free of access to; in the power of.
      [1913 Webster]

            The world was all before them where to choose.
                                                  --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   Before the mast (Naut.), as a common sailor, -- because the
      sailors live in the forecastle, forward of the foremast.
      

   Before the wind (Naut.), in the direction of the wind and
      by its impulse; having the wind aft.
      [1913 Webster]
Feedback Form