bergamot


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Bergamot \Ber"ga*mot\ (b[~e]r"g[.a]*m[o^]t), n. [F. bergamote,
   fr. It. bergamotta; prob. a corruption of Turk. beg arm[=u]di
   a lord's pear.]
   1. (Bot.)
      (a) A tree of the Orange family (Citrus bergamia),
          having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind
          of which an essential oil of delicious odor is
          extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit.
      (b) A variety of mint (Mentha aquatica, var. glabrata).
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   2. The essence or perfume made from the fruit.
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   3. A variety of pear. --Johnson.
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   4. A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.
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            The better hand . . . gives the nose its bergamot.
                                                  --Cowper.
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   5. A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or
      hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair; -- said to have been
      invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit.
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   Wild bergamot (Bot.), an American herb of the Mint family
      (Monarda fistulosa).
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