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bishop in partibus [infidelium]
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Bishop \Bish"op\, n. [OE. bischop, biscop, bisceop, AS. bisceop, biscop, L. episcopus overseer, superintendent, bishop, fr. Gr. ?, ? over + ? inspector, fr. root of ?, ?, to look to, perh. akin to L. specere to look at. See Spy, and cf. Episcopal.] [1913 Webster] 1. A spiritual overseer, superintendent, or director. [1913 Webster] Ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. --1 Pet. ii. 25. [1913 Webster] It is a fact now generally recognized by theologians of all shades of opinion, that in the language of the New Testament the same officer in the church is called indifferently "bishop" ( ? ) and "elder" or "presbyter." --J. B. Lightfoot. [1913 Webster] 2. In the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Anglican or Protestant Episcopal churches, one ordained to the highest order of the ministry, superior to the priesthood, and generally claiming to be a successor of the Apostles. The bishop is usually the spiritual head or ruler of a diocese, bishopric, or see. [1913 Webster] Bishop in partibus [infidelium] (R. C. Ch.), a bishop of a see which does not actually exist; one who has the office of bishop, without especial jurisdiction. --Shipley. Titular bishop (R. C. Ch.), a term officially substituted in 1882 for bishop in partibus. Bench of Bishops. See under Bench. [1913 Webster] 3. In the Methodist Episcopal and some other churches, one of the highest church officers or superintendents. [1913 Webster] 4. A piece used in the game of chess, bearing a representation of a bishop's miter; -- formerly called archer. [1913 Webster] 5. A beverage, being a mixture of wine, oranges or lemons, and sugar. --Swift. [1913 Webster] 6. An old name for a woman's bustle. [U. S.] [1913 Webster] If, by her bishop, or her "grace" alone, A genuine lady, or a church, is known. --Saxe. [1913 Webster]