black gum

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gum \Gum\, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis,
   fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It.
   1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens
      when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic;
      gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with
      less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water;
      as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Bot.) See Gum tree, below.
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   3. A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any
      roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow
      log. [Southern U. S.]
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   4. A rubber overshoe. [Local, U. S.]
      [1913 Webster]

   Black gum, Blue gum, British gum, etc. See under
      Black, Blue, etc.

   Gum Acaroidea, the resinous gum of the Australian grass
      tree (Xanlhorrh[oe]a).

   Gum animal (Zool.), the galago of West Africa; -- so called
      because it feeds on gums. See Galago.

   Gum animi or anim['e]. See Anim['e].

   Gum arabic, a gum yielded mostly by several species of
      Acacia (chiefly A. vera and A. Arabica) growing in
      Africa and Southern Asia; -- called also gum acacia.
      East Indian gum arabic comes from a tree of the Orange
      family which bears the elephant apple.

   Gum butea, a gum yielded by the Indian plants {Butea
      frondosa} and B. superba, and used locally in tanning
      and in precipitating indigo.

   Gum cistus, a plant of the genus Cistus ({Cistus
      ladaniferus}), a species of rock rose.

   Gum dragon. See Tragacanth.

   Gum elastic, Elastic gum. See Caoutchouc.

   Gum elemi. See Elemi.

   Gum juniper. See Sandarac.

   Gum kino. See under Kino.

   Gum lac. See Lac.

   Gum Ladanum, a fragrant gum yielded by several Oriental
      species of Cistus or rock rose.

   Gum passages, sap receptacles extending through the
      parenchyma of certain plants (Amygdalace[ae],
      Cactace[ae], etc.), and affording passage for gum.

   Gum pot, a varnish maker's utensil for melting gum and
      mixing other ingredients.

   Gum resin, the milky juice of a plant solidified by
      exposure to air; one of certain inspissated saps, mixtures
      of, or having properties of, gum and resin; a resin
      containing more or less mucilaginous and gummy matter.

   Gum sandarac. See Sandarac.

   Gum Senegal, a gum similar to gum arabic, yielded by trees
      (Acacia Verek and A. Adansoni[aum]) growing in the
      Senegal country, West Africa.

   Gum tragacanth. See Tragacanth.

   Gum water, a solution of gum, esp. of gum arabic, in water.

   Gum wood, the wood of any gum tree, esp. the wood of the
      Eucalyptus piperita, of New South Wales.
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Tupelo \Tu"pe*lo\, n. [Tupelo, or tupebo, the native American
   Indian name.] (Bot.)
   A North American tree (Nyssa multiflora) of the Dogwood
   family, having brilliant, glossy foliage and acid red
   berries. The wood is crossgrained and very difficult to
   split. Called also black gum, sour gum, and pepperidge.
   [1913 Webster]

   Largo tupelo, or Tupelo gum (Bot.), an American tree
      (Nyssa uniflora) with softer wood than the tupelo.

   Sour tupelo (Bot.), the Ogeechee lime.
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Black \Black\ (bl[a^]k), a. [OE. blak, AS. bl[ae]c; akin to
   Icel. blakkr dark, swarthy, Sw. bl[aum]ck ink, Dan. bl[ae]k,
   OHG. blach, LG. & D. blaken to burn with a black smoke. Not
   akin to AS. bl[=a]c, E. bleak pallid. [root]98.]
   1. Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the
      color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark
      color, the opposite of white; characterized by such a
      color; as, black cloth; black hair or eyes.
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            O night, with hue so black!           --Shak.
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   2. In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in
      darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, a black night; the
      heavens black with clouds.
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            I spy a black, suspicious, threatening cloud.
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   3. Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness;
      destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked;
      cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible. "This day's black
      fate." "Black villainy." "Arise, black vengeance." "Black
      day." "Black despair." --Shak.
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   4. Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen;
      foreboding; as, to regard one with black looks.
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   Note: Black is often used in self-explaining compound words;
         as, black-eyed, black-faced, black-haired,
         [1913 Webster]

   Black act, the English statute 9 George I, which makes it a
      felony to appear armed in any park or warren, etc., or to
      hunt or steal deer, etc., with the face blackened or
      disguised. Subsequent acts inflicting heavy penalties for
      malicious injuries to cattle and machinery have been
      called black acts.

   Black angel (Zool.), a fish of the West Indies and Florida
      (Holacanthus tricolor), with the head and tail yellow,
      and the middle of the body black.

   Black antimony (Chem.), the black sulphide of antimony,
      Sb2S3, used in pyrotechnics, etc.

   Black bear (Zool.), the common American bear ({Ursus

   Black beast. See B[^e]te noire.

   Black beetle (Zool.), the common large cockroach ({Blatta

   Black bonnet (Zool.), the black-headed bunting ({Embriza
      Sch[oe]niclus}) of Europe.

   Black canker, a disease in turnips and other crops,
      produced by a species of caterpillar.

   Black cat (Zool.), the fisher, a quadruped of North America
      allied to the sable, but larger. See Fisher.

   Black cattle, any bovine cattle reared for slaughter, in
      distinction from dairy cattle. [Eng.]

   Black cherry. See under Cherry.

   Black cockatoo (Zool.), the palm cockatoo. See Cockatoo.

   Black copper. Same as Melaconite.

   Black currant. (Bot.) See Currant.

   Black diamond. (Min.) See Carbonado.

   Black draught (Med.), a cathartic medicine, composed of
      senna and magnesia.

   Black drop (Med.), vinegar of opium; a narcotic preparation
      consisting essentially of a solution of opium in vinegar.

   Black earth, mold; earth of a dark color. --Woodward.

   Black flag, the flag of a pirate, often bearing in white a
      skull and crossbones; a signal of defiance.

   Black flea (Zool.), a flea beetle (Haltica nemorum)
      injurious to turnips.

   Black flux, a mixture of carbonate of potash and charcoal,
      obtained by deflagrating tartar with half its weight of
      niter. --Brande & C.

   Black Forest [a translation of G. Schwarzwald], a forest in
      Baden and W["u]rtemburg, in Germany; a part of the ancient
      Hercynian forest.

   Black game, or Black grouse. (Zool.) See Blackcock,
      Grouse, and Heath grouse.

   Black grass (Bot.), a grasslike rush of the species {Juncus
      Gerardi}, growing on salt marshes, and making good hay.

   Black gum (Bot.), an American tree, the tupelo or
      pepperidge. See Tupelo.

   Black Hamburg (grape) (Bot.), a sweet and juicy variety of
      dark purple or "black" grape.

   Black horse (Zool.), a fish of the Mississippi valley
      (Cycleptus elongatus), of the sucker family; the
      Missouri sucker.

   Black lemur (Zool.), the Lemurniger of Madagascar; the
      acoumbo of the natives.

   Black list, a list of persons who are for some reason
      thought deserving of censure or punishment; -- esp. a list
      of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, made
      for the protection of tradesmen or employers. See
      Blacklist, v. t.

   Black manganese (Chem.), the black oxide of manganese,

   Black Maria, the close wagon in which prisoners are carried
      to or from jail.

   Black martin (Zool.), the chimney swift. See Swift.

   Black moss (Bot.), the common so-called long moss of the
      southern United States. See Tillandsia.

   Black oak. See under Oak.

   Black ocher. See Wad.

   Black pigment, a very fine, light carbonaceous substance,
      or lampblack, prepared chiefly for the manufacture of
      printers' ink. It is obtained by burning common coal tar.

   Black plate, sheet iron before it is tinned. --Knight.

   Black quarter, malignant anthrax with engorgement of a
      shoulder or quarter, etc., as of an ox.

   Black rat (Zool.), one of the species of rats ({Mus
      rattus}), commonly infesting houses.

   Black rent. See Blackmail, n., 3.

   Black rust, a disease of wheat, in which a black, moist
      matter is deposited in the fissures of the grain.

   Black sheep, one in a family or company who is unlike the
      rest, and makes trouble.

   Black silver. (Min.) See under Silver.

   Black and tan, black mixed or spotted with tan color or
      reddish brown; -- used in describing certain breeds of

   Black tea. See under Tea.

   Black tin (Mining), tin ore (cassiterite), when dressed,
      stamped and washed, ready for smelting. It is in the form
      of a black powder, like fine sand. --Knight.

   Black walnut. See under Walnut.

   Black warrior (Zool.), an American hawk (Buteo Harlani).
      [1913 Webster]

   Syn: Dark; murky; pitchy; inky; somber; dusky; gloomy; swart;
        Cimmerian; ebon; atrocious.
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