brassica sinapistrum

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mustard \Mus"tard\, n. [OF. moustarde, F. moutarde, fr. L.
   mustum must, -- mustard was prepared for use by being mixed
   with must. See Must, n.]
   1. (Bot.) The name of several cruciferous plants of the genus
      Brassica (formerly Sinapis), as white mustard
      (Brassica alba), black mustard (Brassica Nigra),
      wild mustard or charlock (Brassica Sinapistrum).
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: There are also many herbs of the same family which are
         called mustard, and have more or less of the flavor of
         the true mustard; as, bowyer's mustard ({Lepidium
         ruderale}); hedge mustard (Sisymbrium officinale);
         Mithridate mustard (Thlaspi arvense); tower mustard
         (Arabis perfoliata); treacle mustard ({Erysimum
         [1913 Webster]

   2. A powder or a paste made from the seeds of black or white
      mustard, used as a condiment and a rubefacient. Taken
      internally it is stimulant and diuretic, and in large
      doses is emetic.
      [1913 Webster]

   Mustard oil (Chem.), a substance obtained from mustard, as
      a transparent, volatile and intensely pungent oil. The
      name is also extended to a number of analogous compounds
      produced either naturally or artificially.
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Charlock \Char"lock\, n. [AS. cerlic; the latter part perh. fr.
   AS. le['a]c leek. Cf. Hemlock.] (Bot.)
   A cruciferous plant (Brassica sinapistrum) with yellow
   flowers; wild mustard. It is troublesome in grain fields.
   Called also chardock, chardlock, chedlock, and
   [1913 Webster]

   Jointed charlock, White charlock, a troublesome weed
      (Raphanus Raphanistrum) with straw-colored, whitish, or
      purplish flowers, and jointed pods: wild radish.
      [1913 Webster]
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