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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Grasshopper \Grass"hop`per\, n. 1. (Zool.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families Acridid[ae] and Locustid[ae], having large hind legs adapted for leaping, and chewing mouth parts. The species and genera are very numerous and some are very destructive to crops. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust (Caloptenus spretus), noted for the great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-legged (Caloptenus femurrubrum and C. atlanis) are closely related species, but their ravages are less important. They are closely related to the migratory locusts of the Old World. See Locust. [1913 Webster +PJC] Note: The meadow or green grasshoppers belong to the Locustid[ae]. They have long antenn[ae], large ovipositors, and stridulating organs at the base of the wings in the male. The European great green grasshopper (Locusta viridissima) belongs to this family. The common American green species mostly belong to Xiphidium, Orchelimum, and Conocephalus. [1913 Webster] 2. In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it can be taken out and replaced with the key; -- called also the hopper. --Grove. [1913 Webster] 3. (Mil.) An antipersonnel mine that jumps from the ground to body height when activated, and explodes, hurling metal fragments over a wide area. [PJC] 4. A mixed alcoholic beverage containing cr[`e]me de menthe, light cream, and sometimes cr[`e]me de cacao. The name comes from its light green color. [PJC] Grasshopper engine, a steam engine having a working beam with its fulcrum at one end, the steam cylinder at the other end, and the connecting rod at an intermediate point. Grasshopper lobster (Zool.) a young lobster. [Local, U. S.] Grasshopper warbler (Zool.), cricket bird. [1913 Webster]