From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Case \Case\, n. [F. cas, fr. L. casus, fr. cadere to fall, to
   happen. Cf. Chance.]
   1. Chance; accident; hap; opportunity. [Obs.]
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            By aventure, or sort, or cas.         --Chaucer.
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   2. That which befalls, comes, or happens; an event; an
      instance; a circumstance, or all the circumstances;
      condition; state of things; affair; as, a strange case; a
      case of injustice; the case of the Indian tribes.
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            In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge.
                                                  --Deut. xxiv.
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            If the case of the man be so with his wife. --Matt.
                                                  xix. 10.
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            And when a lady's in the case
            You know all other things give place. --Gay.
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            You think this madness but a common case. --Pope.
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            I am in case to justle a constable,   --Shak.
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   3. (Med. & Surg.) A patient under treatment; an instance of
      sickness or injury; as, ten cases of fever; also, the
      history of a disease or injury.
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            A proper remedy in hypochondriacal cases.
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   4. (Law) The matters of fact or conditions involved in a
      suit, as distinguished from the questions of law; a suit
      or action at law; a cause.
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            Let us consider the reason of the case, for nothing
            is law that is not reason.            --Sir John
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            Not one case in the reports of our courts. --Steele.
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   5. (Gram.) One of the forms, or the inflections or changes of
      form, of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, which indicate its
      relation to other words, and in the aggregate constitute
      its declension; the relation which a noun or pronoun
      sustains to some other word.
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            Case is properly a falling off from the nominative
            or first state of word; the name for which, however,
            is now, by extension of its signification, applied
            also to the nominative.               --J. W. Gibbs.
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   Note: Cases other than the nominative are oblique cases. Case
         endings are terminations by which certain cases are
         distinguished. In old English, as in Latin, nouns had
         several cases distinguished by case endings, but in
         modern English only that of the possessive case is
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   Action on the case (Law), according to the old
      classification (now obsolete), was an action for redress
      of wrongs or injuries to person or property not specially
      provided against by law, in which the whole cause of
      complaint was set out in the writ; -- called also
      trespass on the case, or simply case.

   All a case, a matter of indifference. [Obs.] "It is all a
      case to me." --L'Estrange.

   Case at bar. See under Bar, n.

   Case divinity, casuistry.

   Case lawyer, one versed in the reports of cases rather than
      in the science of the law.

   Case stated or Case agreed on (Law), a statement in
      writing of facts agreed on and submitted to the court for
      a decision of the legal points arising on them.

   A hard case, an abandoned or incorrigible person. [Colloq.]

   In any case, whatever may be the state of affairs; anyhow.

   In case, or In case that, if; supposing that; in the
      event or contingency; if it should happen that. "In case
      we are surprised, keep by me." --W. Irving.

   In good case, in good condition, health, or state of body.

   To put a case, to suppose a hypothetical or illustrative

   Syn: Situation, condition, state; circumstances; plight;
        predicament; occurrence; contingency; accident; event;
        conjuncture; cause; action; suit.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Case \Case\ (k[=a]s), n. [OF. casse, F. caisse (cf. It. cassa),
   fr. L. capsa chest, box, case, fr. capere to take, hold. See
   Capacious, and cf. 4th Chase, Cash, Enchase, 3d
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   1. A box, sheath, or covering; as, a case for holding goods;
      a case for spectacles; the case of a watch; the case
      (capsule) of a cartridge; a case (cover) for a book.
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   2. A box and its contents; the quantity contained in a box;
      as, a case of goods; a case of instruments.
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   3. (Print.) A shallow tray divided into compartments or
      "boxes" for holding type.
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   Note: Cases for type are usually arranged in sets of two,
         called respectively the upper and the lower case. The
         upper case contains capitals, small capitals,
         accented and marked letters, fractions, and marks of
         reference: the lower case contains the small letters,
         figures, marks of punctuation, quadrats, and spaces.
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   4. An inclosing frame; a casing; as, a door case; a window
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   5. (Mining) A small fissure which admits water to the
      workings. --Knight.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Case \Case\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cased; p. pr. & vb. n.
   1. To cover or protect with, or as with, a case; to inclose.
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            The man who, cased in steel, had passed whole days
            and nights in the saddle.             --Prescott.
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   2. To strip the skin from; as, to case a box. [Obs.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Case \Case\, v. i.
   To propose hypothetical cases. [Obs.] "Casing upon the
   matter." --L'Estrange.
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