cassis cameo

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

King \King\, n. [AS. cyng, cyning; akin to OS. kuning, D.
   koning, OHG. kuning, G. k["o]nig, Icel. konungr, Sw. konung,
   Dan. konge; formed with a patronymic ending, and fr. the root
   of E. kin; cf. Icel. konr a man of noble birth. [root]44. See
   1. A chief ruler; a sovereign; one invested with supreme
      authority over a nation, country, or tribe, usually by
      hereditary succession; a monarch; a prince. "Ay, every
      inch a king." --Shak.
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            Kings will be tyrants from policy, when subjects are
            rebels from principle.                --Burke.
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            There was a State without king or nobles. --R.
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            But yonder comes the powerful King of Day,
            Rejoicing in the east                 --Thomson.
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   2. One who, or that which, holds a supreme position or rank;
      a chief among competitors; as, a railroad king; a money
      king; the king of the lobby; the king of beasts.
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   3. A playing card having the picture of a king[1]; as, the
      king of diamonds.
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   4. The chief piece in the game of chess.
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   5. A crowned man in the game of draughts.
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   6. pl. The title of two historical books in the Old
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   Note: King is often used adjectively, or in combination, to
         denote pre["e]minence or superiority in some
         particular; as, kingbird; king crow; king vulture.
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   Apostolic king. See Apostolic.

   King-at-arms, or King-of-arms, the chief heraldic officer
      of a country. In England the king-at-arms was formerly of
      great authority. His business is to direct the heralds,
      preside at their chapters, and have the jurisdiction of
      armory. There are three principal kings-at-arms, viz.,
      Garter, Clarencieux, and Norroy. The latter (literally
      north roy or north king) officiates north of the Trent.

   King auk (Zool.), the little auk or sea dove.

   King bird of paradise. (Zool.), See Bird of paradise.

   King card, in whist, the best unplayed card of each suit;
      thus, if the ace and king of a suit have been played, the
      queen is the king card of the suit.

   King Cole, a legendary king of Britain, who is said to have
      reigned in the third century.

   King conch (Zool.), a large and handsome univalve shell
      (Cassis cameo), found in the West Indies. It is used for
      making cameos. See Helmet shell, under Helmet.

   King Cotton, a popular personification of the great staple
      production of the southern United States.

   King crab. (Zool.)
      (a) The limulus or horseshoe crab. See Limulus.
      (b) The large European spider crab or thornback ({Maia
      (c) A large crab of the northern Pacific ({Paralithodes
          camtshatica}), especially abundant on the coasts of
          Alaska and Japan, and popular as a food; called also
          Alaskan king crab.

   King crow. (Zool.)
      (a) A black drongo shrike (Buchanga atra) of India; --
          so called because, while breeding, they attack and
          drive away hawks, crows, and other large birds.
      (b) The Dicrurus macrocercus of India, a crested bird
          with a long, forked tail. Its color is black, with
          green and blue reflections. Called also devil bird.

   King duck (Zool.), a large and handsome eider duck
      (Somateria spectabilis), inhabiting the arctic regions
      of both continents.

   King eagle (Zool.), an eagle (Aquila heliaca) found in
      Asia and Southeastern Europe. It is about as large as the
      golden eagle. Some writers believe it to be the imperial
      eagle of Rome.

   King hake (Zool.), an American hake (Phycis regius),
      found in deep water along the Atlantic coast.

   King monkey (Zool.), an African monkey ({Colobus
      polycomus}), inhabiting Sierra Leone.

   King mullet (Zool.), a West Indian red mullet ({Upeneus
      maculatus}); -- so called on account of its great beauty.
      Called also goldfish.

   King of terrors, death.

   King parrakeet (Zool.), a handsome Australian parrakeet
      (Platycercys scapulatus), often kept in a cage. Its
      prevailing color is bright red, with the back and wings
      bright green, the rump blue, and tail black.

   King penguin (Zool.), any large species of penguin of the
      genus Aptenodytes; esp., Aptenodytes longirostris, of
      the Falkland Islands and Kerguelen Land, and {Aptenodytes
      Patagonica}, of Patagonia.

   King rail (Zool.), a small American rail ({Rallus
      elegans}), living in fresh-water marshes. The upper parts
      are fulvous brown, striped with black; the breast is deep
      cinnamon color.

   King salmon (Zool.), the quinnat. See Quinnat.

   King's counsel, or Queen's counsel (Eng. Law), barristers
      learned in the law, who have been called within the bar,
      and selected to be the king's or queen's counsel. They
      answer in some measure to the advocates of the revenue
      (advocati fisci) among the Romans. They can not be
      employed against the crown without special license.
      --Wharton's Law Dict.

   King's cushion, a temporary seat made by two persons
      crossing their hands. [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell.

   The king's English, correct or current language of good
      speakers; pure English. --Shak.

   King's evidence or Queen's evidence, testimony in favor
      of the Crown by a witness who confesses his guilt as an
      accomplice. See under Evidence. [Eng.]

   King's evil, scrofula; -- so called because formerly
      supposed to be healed by the touch of a king.

   King snake (Zool.), a large, nearly black, harmless snake
      (Ophiobolus getulus) of the Southern United States; --
      so called because it kills and eats other kinds of snakes,
      including even the rattlesnake.

   King's spear (Bot.), the white asphodel ({Asphodelus

   King's yellow, a yellow pigment, consisting essentially of
      sulphide and oxide of arsenic; -- called also {yellow

   King tody (Zool.), a small fly-catching bird ({Eurylaimus
      serilophus}) of tropical America. The head is adorned with
      a large, spreading, fan-shaped crest, which is bright red,
      edged with black.

   King vulture (Zool.), a large species of vulture
      (Sarcorhamphus papa), ranging from Mexico to Paraguay,
      The general color is white. The wings and tail are black,
      and the naked carunculated head and the neck are
      briliantly colored with scarlet, yellow, orange, and blue.
      So called because it drives away other vultures while

   King wood, a wood from Brazil, called also violet wood,
      beautifully streaked in violet tints, used in turning and
      small cabinetwork. The tree is probably a species of
      Dalbergia. See Jacaranda.
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Queen \Queen\, n. [OE. quen, quene, queen, quean, AS. cw[=e]n
   wife, queen, woman; akin to OS. qu[=a]n wife, woman, Icel.
   kv[=a]n wife, queen, Goth. q[=e]ns. [root]221. See Quean.]
   1. The wife of a king.
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   2. A woman who is the sovereign of a kingdom; a female
      monarch; as, Elizabeth, queen of England; Mary, queen of
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            In faith, and by the heaven's quene.  --Chaucer.
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   3. A woman eminent in power or attractions; the highest of
      her kind; as, a queen in society; -- also used
      figuratively of cities, countries, etc. " This queen of
      cities." " Albion, queen of isles." --Cowper.
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   4. The fertile, or fully developed, female of social bees,
      ants, and termites.
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   5. (Chess) The most powerful, and except the king the most
      important, piece in a set of chessmen.
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   6. A playing card bearing the picture of a queen; as, the
      queen of spades.
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   Queen apple. [Cf. OE. quyne aple quince apple.] A kind of
      apple; a queening. "Queen apples and red cherries."

   Queen bee (Zool.), a female bee, especially the female of
      the honeybee. See Honeybee.

   Queen conch (Zool.), a very large West Indian cameo conch
      (Cassis cameo). It is much used for making cameos.

   Queen consort, the wife of a reigning king. --Blackstone.

   Queen dowager, the widow of a king.

   Queen gold, formerly a revenue of the queen consort of
      England, arising from gifts, fines, etc.

   Queen mother, a queen dowager who is also mother of the
      reigning king or queen.

   Queen of May. See May queen, under May.

   Queen of the meadow (Bot.), a European herbaceous plant
      (Spir[ae]a Ulmaria). See Meadowsweet.

   Queen of the prairie (Bot.), an American herb ({Spir[ae]a
      lobata}) with ample clusters of pale pink flowers.

   Queen pigeon (Zool.), any one of several species of very
      large and handsome crested ground pigeons of the genus
      Goura, native of New Guinea and the adjacent islands.
      They are mostly pale blue, or ash-blue, marked with white,
      and have a large occipital crest of spatulate feathers.
      Called also crowned pigeon, goura, and {Victoria

   Queen regent, or Queen regnant, a queen reigning in her
      own right.

   Queen's Bench. See King's Bench.

   Queen's counsel, Queen's evidence. See King's counsel,
      King's evidence, under King.

   Queen's delight (Bot.), an American plant ({Stillinqia
      sylvatica}) of the Spurge family, having an herbaceous
      stem and a perennial woody root.

   Queen's metal (Metal.), an alloy somewhat resembling pewter
      or britannia, and consisting essentially of tin with a
      slight admixture of antimony, bismuth, and lead or copper.

   Queen's pigeon. (Zool.) Same as Queen pigeon, above.

   Queen's ware, glazed English earthenware of a cream color.

   Queen's yellow (Old Chem.), a heavy yellow powder
      consisting of a basic mercuric sulphate; -- formerly
      called turpetum minerale, or Turbith's mineral.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cameo \Cam"e*o\ (k[a^]m"[-e]*[-o]), n.; pl. Cameos
   (k[a^]m"[-e]*[=o]z). [It. cammeo; akin to F. cam['e]e,
   cama["i]eu, Sp. camafeo, LL. camaeus, camahutus; of unknown
   A carving in relief, esp. one on a small scale used as a
   jewel for personal adornment, or like.
   [1913 Webster +PJC]

   Note: Most cameos are carved in a material which has layers
         of different colors, such stones as the onyx and
         sardonyx, and various kinds of shells, being used. The
         classical cameos made in Italy are carved on a seashell
         (see cameo conch, below), having an olive figure
         carved from the inner layer of the shell in relief on
         the white background of the outer layer of the shell.
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   Cameo conch (Zool.), a large, marine, univalve shell, esp.
      Cassis cameo, Cassis rua, and allied species, used for
      cutting cameos. See Quern conch.
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