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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Caul \Caul\ (k[add]l), n. [OE. calle, kelle, prob. fr. F. cale; cf. Ir. calla a veil.] 1. A covering of network for the head, worn by women; also, a net. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. (Anat.) The fold of membrane loaded with fat, which covers more or less of the intestines in mammals; the great omentum. See Omentum. [1913 Webster] The caul serves for the warming of the lower belly. --Ray. [1913 Webster] 3. A part of the amnion, one of the membranes enveloping the fetus, which sometimes is round the head of a child at its birth; -- called also a veil. [1913 Webster +PJC] It is deemed lucky to be with a caul or membrane over the face. This caul is esteemed an infallible preservative against drowning . . . According to Chrysostom, the midwives frequently sold it for magic uses. --Grose. [1913 Webster] I was born with a caul, which was advertised for sale, in the newspapers, at the low price of fifteen guineas. --Dickens. [1913 Webster]