From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Choler \Chol"er\, n. [OE. coler, F. col[`e]re anger, L. cholera
   a bilious complaint, fr. Gr. ? cholera, fr. ?, cholh`, bile.
   See Gall, and cf. Cholera.]
   1. The bile; -- formerly supposed to be the seat and cause of
      irascibility. [Obs.]
      [1913 Webster]

            His [Richard Hooker's] complexion . . . was
            sanguine, with a mixture of choler; and yet his
            motion was slow.                      --I. Warton.
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   2. Irritation of the passions; anger; wrath.
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            He is rash and very sudden in choler. --Shak.
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