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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Choler \Chol"er\, n. [OE. coler, F. col[`e]re anger, L. cholera a bilious complaint, fr. Gr. ? cholera, fr. ?, cholh`, bile. See Gall, and cf. Cholera.] 1. The bile; -- formerly supposed to be the seat and cause of irascibility. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] His [Richard Hooker's] complexion . . . was sanguine, with a mixture of choler; and yet his motion was slow. --I. Warton. [1913 Webster] 2. Irritation of the passions; anger; wrath. [1913 Webster] He is rash and very sudden in choler. --Shak. [1913 Webster]