close vowel

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Vowel \Vow"el\, n. [F. voyelle, or an OF. form without y, L.
   vocalis (sc. littera), from vocalis sounding, from vox,
   vocis, a voice, sound. See Vocal.] (Phon.)
   A vocal, or sometimes a whispered, sound modified by
   resonance in the oral passage, the peculiar resonance in each
   case giving to each several vowel its distinctive character
   or quality as a sound of speech; -- distinguished from a
   consonant in that the latter, whether made with or without
   vocality, derives its character in every case from some kind
   of obstructive action by the mouth organs. Also, a letter or
   character which represents such a sound. See Guide to
   Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 5, 146-149.
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   Note: In the English language, the written vowels are a, e,
         i, o, u, and sometimes w and y. The spoken vowels are
         much more numerous.
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   Close vowel. See under Close, a.

   Vowel point. See under Point, n.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Close \Close\ (kl[=o]s), a. [Compar. Closer (kl[=o]"s[~e]r);
   superl. Closest.] [Of. & F. clos, p. p. of clore. See
   Close, v. t.]
   1. Shut fast; closed; tight; as, a close box.
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            From a close bower this dainty music flowed.
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   2. Narrow; confined; as, a close alley; close quarters. "A
      close prison." --Dickens.
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   3. Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a
      feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc.
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            If the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows and
            doors, the one maketh the air close, . . . and the
            other maketh it exceeding unequal.    --Bacon.
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   4. Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, a close
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   5. Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden. "He
      yet kept himself close because of Saul." --1 Chron. xii. 1
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            "Her close intent."                   --Spenser.
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   6. Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent. "For
      secrecy, no lady closer." --Shak.
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   7. Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact;
      as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as
      applied to liquids.
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            The golden globe being put into a press, . . . the
            water made itself way through the pores of that very
            close metal.                          --Locke.
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   8. Concise; to the point; as, close reasoning. "Where the
      original is close no version can reach it in the same
      compass." --Dryden.
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   9. Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; --
      often followed by to.
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            Plant the spring crocuses close to a wall.
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            The thought of the Man of sorrows seemed a very
            close thing -- not a faint hearsay.   --G. Eliot.
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   10. Short; as, to cut grass or hair close.
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   11. Intimate; familiar; confidential.
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             League with you I seek
             And mutual amity, so strait, so close,
             That I with you must dwell, or you with me.
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   12. Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, a close vote.
       "A close contest." --Prescott.
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   13. Difficult to obtain; as, money is close. --Bartlett.
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   14. Parsimonious; stingy. "A crusty old fellow, as close as a
       vise." --Hawthorne.
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   15. Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact;
       strict; as, a close translation. --Locke.
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   16. Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating;
       strict; not wandering; as, a close observer.
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   17. (Phon.) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of
       the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French,
       Italian, and German; -- opposed to open.
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   Close borough. See under Borough.

   Close breeding. See under Breeding.

   Close communion, communion in the Lord's supper, restricted
      to those who have received baptism by immersion.

   Close corporation, a body or corporation which fills its
      own vacancies.

   Close fertilization. (Bot.) See Fertilization.

   Close harmony (Mus.), compact harmony, in which the tones
      composing each chord are not widely distributed over
      several octaves.

   Close time, a fixed period during which killing game or
      catching certain fish is prohibited by law.

   Close vowel (Pron.), a vowel which is pronounced with a
      diminished aperture of the lips, or with contraction of
      the cavity of the mouth.

   Close to the wind (Naut.), directed as nearly to the point
      from which the wind blows as it is possible to sail;
      closehauled; -- said of a vessel.
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