corn violet


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Violet \Vi"o*let\, n. [F. violette a violet (cf. violet
   violet-colored), dim. of OF. viole a violet, L. viola; akin
   to Gr. ?. Cf. Iodine.]
   1. (Bot.) Any plant or flower of the genus Viola, of many
      species. The violets are generally low, herbaceous plants,
      and the flowers of many of the species are blue, while
      others are white or yellow, or of several colors, as the
      pansy (Viola tricolor).
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: The cultivated sweet violet is Viola odorata of
         Europe. The common blue violet of the eastern United
         States is Viola cucullata; the sand, or bird-foot,
         violet is Viola pedata.
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   2. The color of a violet, or that part of the spectrum
      farthest from red. It is the most refrangible part of the
      spectrum.
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   3. In art, a color produced by a combination of red and blue
      in equal proportions; a bluish purple color. --Mollett.
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   4. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of small
      violet-colored butterflies belonging to Lycaena, or
      Rusticus, and allied genera.
      [1913 Webster]
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   Corn violet. See under Corn.

   Dame's violet. (Bot.) See Damewort.

   Dogtooth violet. (Bot.) See under Dogtooth.

   Water violet (Bot.), an aquatic European herb ({Hottonia
      palustris}) with pale purplish flowers and pinnatifid
      leaves.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Corn \Corn\, n. [AS. corn; akin to OS. korn, D. koren, G., Dan.,
   Sw., & Icel. korn, Goth. ka['u]rn, L. granum, Russ. zerno.
   Cf. Grain, Kernel.]
   1. A single seed of certain plants, as wheat, rye, barley,
      and maize; a grain.
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   2. The various farinaceous grains of the cereal grasses used
      for food, as wheat, rye, barley, maize, oats.
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   Note: In Scotland, corn is generally restricted to oats, in
         the United States, to maize, or Indian corn (see
         sense 3), and in England to wheat.
         [1913 Webster +PJC]

   3. a tall cereal plant (Zea mays) bearing its seeds as
      large kernels in multiple rows on the surface of a hard
      cylindrical ear, the core of which (the cob) is not
      edible; -- also called Indian corn and, in technical
      literature, maize. There are several kinds; as, {yellow
      corn}, which grows chiefly in the Northern States, and is
      yellow when ripe; white corn or southern corn, which
      grows to a great height, and has long white kernels;
      sweet corn, comprising a number of sweet and tender
      varieties, grown chiefly at the North, some of which have
      kernels that wrinkle when ripe and dry; pop corn, any
      small variety, used for popping. Corn seeds may be cooked
      while on the ear and eaten directly, or may be stripped
      from the ear and cooked subsequently. The term {Indian
      corn} is often used to refer to a primitive type of corn
      having kernels of varied color borne on the same cob; it
      is used for decoration, especially in the fall.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]

   4. The plants which produce corn, when growing in the field;
      the stalks and ears, or the stalks, ears, and seeds, after
      reaping and before thrashing.
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            In one night, ere glimpse of morn,
            His shadowy flail had thrashed the corn. --Milton.
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   5. A small, hard particle; a grain. "Corn of sand." --Bp.
      Hall. "A corn of powder." --Beau. & Fl.
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   Corn ball, a ball of popped corn stuck together with soft
      candy from molasses or sugar.

   Corn bread, bread made of Indian meal.

   Corn cake, a kind of corn bread; johnny cake; hoecake.

   Corn cockle (Bot.), a weed (Agrostemma Githago syn.
      Lychnis Githago), having bright flowers, common in grain
      fields.

   Corn flag (Bot.), a plant of the genus Gladiolus; --
      called also sword lily.

   Corn fly. (Zool.)
      (a) A small fly which, in the larval state, is injurious
          to grain, living in the stalk, and causing the disease
          called "gout," on account of the swelled joints. The
          common European species is Chlorops t[ae]niopus.
      (b) A small fly (Anthomyia ze) whose larva or maggot
          destroys seed corn after it has been planted.

   Corn fritter, a fritter having green Indian corn mixed
      through its batter. [U. S.]

   Corn laws, laws regulating trade in corn, especially those
      in force in Great Britain till 1846, prohibiting the
      importation of foreign grain for home consumption, except
      when the price rose above a certain rate.

   Corn marigold. (Bot.) See under Marigold.

   Corn oyster, a fritter containing grated green Indian corn
      and butter, the combined taste resembling that of oysters.
      [U.S.]

   Corn parsley (Bot.), a plant of the parsley genus
      (Petroselinum segetum), a weed in parts of Europe and
      Asia.

   Corn popper, a utensil used in popping corn.

   Corn poppy (Bot.), the red poppy (Papaver Rh[oe]as),
      common in European cornfields; -- also called corn rose.
      

   Corn rent, rent paid in corn.

   Corn rose. See Corn poppy.

   Corn salad (Bot.), a name given to several species of
      Valerianella, annual herbs sometimes used for salad.
      Valerianella olitoria is also called lamb's lettuce.
      

   Corn stone, red limestone. [Prov. Eng.]

   Corn violet (Bot.), a species of Campanula.

   Corn weevil. (Zool.)
      (a) A small weevil which causes great injury to grain.
      (b) In America, a weevil (Sphenophorus ze[ae]) which
          attacks the stalk of maize near the root, often doing
          great damage. See Grain weevil, under Weevil.
          [1913 Webster]
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