From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Deal \Deal\ (d[=e]l), n. [OE. del, deel, part, AS. d[=ae]l; akin
   to OS. d[=e]l, D. & Dan. deel, G. theil, teil, Icel. deild,
   Sw. del, Goth. dails. [root]65. Cf. 3d Dole.]
   1. A part or portion; a share; hence, an indefinite quantity,
      degree, or extent, degree, or extent; as, a deal of time
      and trouble; a deal of cold.
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            Three tenth deals [parts of an ephah] of flour.
                                                  --Num. xv. 9.
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            As an object of science it [the Celtic genius] may
            count for a good deal . . . as a spiritual power.
                                                  --M. Arnold.
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            She was resolved to be a good deal more circumspect.
                                                  --W. Black.
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   Note: It was formerly limited by some, every, never a, a
         thousand, etc.; as, some deal; but these are now
         obsolete or vulgar. In general, we now qualify the word
         with great or good, and often use it adverbially, by
         being understood; as, a great deal of time and pains; a
         great (or good) deal better or worse; that is, better
         by a great deal, or by a great part or difference.
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   2. The process of dealing cards to the players; also, the
      portion disturbed.
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            The deal, the shuffle, and the cut.   --Swift.
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   3. Distribution; apportionment. [Colloq.]
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   4. An arrangement to attain a desired result by a combination
      of interested parties; -- applied to stock speculations
      and political bargains. [Slang]
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   5. [Prob. from D. deel a plank, threshing floor. See
      Thill.] The division of a piece of timber made by
      sawing; a board or plank; particularly, a board or plank
      of fir or pine above seven inches in width, and exceeding
      six feet in length. If narrower than this, it is called a
      batten; if shorter, a deal end.
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   Note: Whole deal is a general term for planking one and one
         half inches thick.
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   6. Wood of the pine or fir; as, a floor of deal.
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   Deal tree, a fir tree. --Dr. Prior.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Deal \Deal\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dealt (d[e^]lt); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Dealing.] [OE. delen, AS. d[=ae]lan, fr. d[=ae]l share;
   akin to OS. d[=e]lian, D. deelen, G. theilen, teilen, Icel.
   deila, Sw. dela, Dan. dele, Goth. dailjan. See Deal, n.]
   1. To divide; to separate in portions; hence, to give in
      portions; to distribute; to bestow successively; --
      sometimes with out.
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            Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry? --Is.
                                                  lviii. 7.
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            And Rome deals out her blessings and her gold.
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            The nightly mallet deals resounding blows. --Gay.
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            Hissing through the skies, the feathery deaths were
            dealt.                                --Dryden.
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   2. Specifically: To distribute, as cards, to the players at
      the commencement of a game; as, to deal the cards; to deal
      one a jack.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Deal \Deal\, v. i.
   1. To make distribution; to share out in portions, as cards
      to the players.
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   2. To do a distributing or retailing business, as
      distinguished from that of a manufacturer or producer; to
      traffic; to trade; to do business; as, he deals in flour.
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            They buy and sell, they deal and traffic. --South.
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            This is to drive to wholesale trade, when all other
            petty merchants deal but for parcels. --Dr. H. More.
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   3. To act as an intermediary in business or any affairs; to
      manage; to make arrangements; -- followed by between or
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            Sometimes he that deals between man and man, raiseth
            his own credit with both, by pretending greater
            interest than he hath in either.      --Bacon.
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   4. To conduct one's self; to behave or act in any affair or
      towards any one; to treat.
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            If he will deal clearly and impartially, . . . he
            will acknowledge all this to be true. --Tillotson.
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   5. To contend (with); to treat (with), by way of opposition,
      check, or correction; as, he has turbulent passions to
      deal with.
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   To deal by, to treat, either well or ill; as, to deal well
      by servants. "Such an one deals not fairly by his own
      mind." --Locke.

   To deal in.
      (a) To have to do with; to be engaged in; to practice; as,
          they deal in political matters.
      (b) To buy and sell; to furnish, as a retailer or
          wholesaler; as, they deal in fish.

   To deal with.
      (a) To treat in any manner; to use, whether well or ill;
          to have to do with; specifically, to trade with.
          "Dealing with witches." --Shak.
      (b) To reprove solemnly; to expostulate with.
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                The deacons of his church, who, to use their own
                phrase, "dealt with him" on the sin of rejecting
                the aid which Providence so manifestly held out.
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                Return . . . and I will deal well with thee.
                                                  --Gen. xxxii.
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