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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Dictum \Dic"tum\, n.; pl. L. Dicta, E. Dictums. [L., neuter of dictus, p. p. of dicere to say. See Diction, and cf. Ditto.] 1. An authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; an apothegm. [1913 Webster] A class of critical dicta everywhere current. --M. Arnold. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) (a) A judicial opinion expressed by judges on points that do not necessarily arise in the case, and are not involved in it. (b) (French Law) The report of a judgment made by one of the judges who has given it. --Bouvier. (c) An arbitrament or award. [1913 Webster]