division


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Compound \Com"pound\, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See
   Compound, v. t.]
   Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts;
   produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or
   things; composite; as, a compound word.
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         Compound substances are made up of two or more simple
         substances.                              --I. Watts.
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   Compound addition, subtraction, multiplication,
   division (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of
      compound numbers.

   Compound crystal (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one
      seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined
      according to regular laws of composition.

   Compound engine (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which
      the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder
      is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure
      cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders,
      successively.

   Compound ether. (Chem.) See under Ether.

   Compound flower (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single
      flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in
      a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or
      dandelion.

   Compound fraction. (Math.) See Fraction.

   Compound fracture. See Fracture.

   Compound householder, a householder who compounds or
      arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be
      included in his rents. [Eng.]

   Compound interest. See Interest.

   Compound larceny. (Law) See Larceny.

   Compound leaf (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate
      blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.

   Compound microscope. See Microscope.

   Compound motion. See Motion.

   Compound number (Math.), one constructed according to a
      varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.;
      -- called also denominate number.

   Compound pier (Arch.), a clustered column.

   Compound quantity (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or
      more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign +
      (plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are
      compound quantities.

   Compound radical. (Chem.) See Radical.

   Compound ratio (Math.), the product of two or more ratios;
      thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c
      and b:d.

   Compound rest (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine
      lathe.

   Compound screw (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two
      or more screws with different pitch (a differential
      screw), or running in different directions (a right and
      left screw).

   Compound time (Mus.), that in which two or more simple
      measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining
      of two measures of 3-8 time.

   Compound word, a word composed of two or more words;
      specifically, two or more words joined together by a
      hyphen.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Division \Di*vi"sion\, n. [F. division, L. divisio, from
   dividere. See Divide.]
   1. The act or process of diving anything into parts, or the
      state of being so divided; separation.
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            I was overlooked in the division of the spoil.
                                                  --Gibbon.
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   2. That which divides or keeps apart; a partition.
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   3. The portion separated by the divining of a mass or body; a
      distinct segment or section.
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            Communities and divisions of men.     --Addison.
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   4. Disunion; difference in opinion or feeling; discord;
      variance; alienation.
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            There was a division among the people. --John vii.
                                                  43.
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   5. Difference of condition; state of distinction;
      distinction; contrast. --Chaucer.
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            I will put a division between my people and thy
            people.                               --Ex. viii.
                                                  23.
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   6. Separation of the members of a deliberative body, esp. of
      the Houses of Parliament, to ascertain the vote.
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            The motion passed without a division. --Macaulay.
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   7. (Math.) The process of finding how many times one number
      or quantity is contained in another; the reverse of
      multiplication; also, the rule by which the operation is
      performed.
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   8. (Logic) The separation of a genus into its constituent
      species.
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   9. (Mil.)
      (a) Two or more brigades under the command of a general
          officer.
      (b) Two companies of infantry maneuvering as one
          subdivision of a battalion.
      (c) One of the larger districts into which a country is
          divided for administering military affairs.
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   10. (Naut.) One of the groups into which a fleet is divided.
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   11. (Mus.) A course of notes so running into each other as to
       form one series or chain, to be sung in one breath to one
       syllable.
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   12. (Rhet.) The distribution of a discourse into parts; a
       part so distinguished.
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   13. (Biol.) A grade or rank in classification; a portion of a
       tribe or of a class; or, in some recent authorities,
       equivalent to a subkingdom.
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   Cell division (Biol.), a method of cell increase, in which
      new cells are formed by the division of the parent cell.
      In this process, the cell nucleus undergoes peculiar
      differentiations and changes, as shown in the figure (see
      also Karyokinesis). At the same time the protoplasm of
      the cell becomes gradually constricted by a furrow
      transverse to the long axis of the nuclear spindle,
      followed, on the completion of the division of the
      nucleus, by a separation of the cell contents into two
      masses, called the daughter cells.

   Long division (Math.), the process of division when the
      operations are mostly written down.

   Short division (Math.), the process of division when the
      operations are mentally performed and only the results
      written down; -- used principally when the divisor is not
      greater than ten or twelve.

   Syn: compartment; section; share; allotment; distribution;
        separation; partition; disjunction; disconnection;
        difference; variance; discord; disunion.
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