dog salmon


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Salmon \Salm"on\ (s[a^]m"[u^]n), n.; pl. Salmons (-[u^]nz) or
   (collectively) Salmon. [OE. saumoun, salmon, F. saumon, fr.
   L. salmo, salmonis, perhaps from salire to leap. Cf. Sally,
   v.]
   1. (Zool.) Any one of several species of fishes of the genus
      Salmo and allied genera. The common salmon ({Salmo
      salar}) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and
      the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important
      species. They are extensively preserved for food. See
      Quinnat.
      [1913 Webster]
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   Note: The salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head
         streams to spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes,
         and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in
         the way of their progress. The common salmon has been
         known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds;
         more generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five
         pounds. Young salmon are called parr, peal, smolt, and
         grilse. Among the true salmons are:

   Black salmon, or Lake salmon, the namaycush.

   Dog salmon, a salmon of Western North America
      (Oncorhynchus keta).

   Humpbacked salmon, a Pacific-coast salmon ({Oncorhynchus
      gorbuscha}).

   King salmon, the quinnat.

   Landlocked salmon, a variety of the common salmon (var.
      Sebago), long confined in certain lakes in consequence of
      obstructions that prevented it from returning to the sea.
      This last is called also dwarf salmon.
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   Note: Among fishes of other families which are locally and
         erroneously called salmon are: the pike perch, called
         jack salmon; the spotted, or southern, squeteague;
         the cabrilla, called kelp salmon; young pollock,
         called sea salmon; and the California yellowtail.
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   2. A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the
      salmon.
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   Salmon berry (Bot.), a large red raspberry growing from
      Alaska to California, the fruit of the Rubus Nutkanus.
      

   Salmon killer (Zool.), a stickleback ({Gasterosteus
      cataphractus}) of Western North America and Northern Asia.
      

   Salmon ladder, Salmon stair. See Fish ladder, under
      Fish.

   Salmon peel, a young salmon.

   Salmon pipe, a certain device for catching salmon. --Crabb.

   Salmon trout. (Zool.)
      (a) The European sea trout (Salmo trutta). It resembles
          the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more
          numerous scales.
      (b) The American namaycush.
      (c) A name that is also applied locally to the adult black
          spotted trout (Salmo purpuratus), and to the steel
          head and other large trout of the Pacific coast.
          [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Dog \Dog\ (d[add]g or d[o^]g), n. [AS. docga; akin to D. dog
   mastiff, Dan. dogge, Sw. dogg.]
   1. (Zool.) A quadruped of the genus Canis, esp. the
      domestic dog (Canis familiaris).

   Note: The dog is distinguished above all others of the
         inferior animals for intelligence, docility, and
         attachment to man. There are numerous carefully bred
         varieties, as the akita, beagle, bloodhound,
         bulldog, coachdog, collie, Danish dog,
         foxhound, greyhound, mastiff, pointer,
         poodle, St. Bernard, setter, spaniel, spitz,
         terrier, German shepherd, pit bull, Chihuahua,
         etc. There are also many mixed breeds, and partially
         domesticated varieties, as well as wild dogs, like the
         dingo and dhole. (See these names in the Vocabulary.)
         [1913 Webster +PJC]

   2. A mean, worthless fellow; a wretch.
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            What is thy servant, which is but a dog, that he
            should do this great thing?           -- 2 Kings
                                                  viii. 13 (Rev.
                                                  Ver. )
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   3. A fellow; -- used humorously or contemptuously; as, a sly
      dog; a lazy dog. [Colloq.]
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   4. (Astron.) One of the two constellations, Canis Major and
      Canis Minor, or the Greater Dog and the Lesser Dog. Canis
      Major contains the Dog Star (Sirius).
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   5. An iron for holding wood in a fireplace; a firedog; an
      andiron.
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   6. (Mech.)
      (a) A grappling iron, with a claw or claws, for fastening
          into wood or other heavy articles, for the purpose of
          raising or moving them.
      (b) An iron with fangs fastening a log in a saw pit, or on
          the carriage of a sawmill.
      (c) A piece in machinery acting as a catch or clutch;
          especially, the carrier of a lathe, also, an
          adjustable stop to change motion, as in a machine
          tool.
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   7. an ugly or crude person, especially an ugly woman. [slang]
      [PJC]

   8. a hot dog. [slang]
      [PJC]

   Note: Dog is used adjectively or in composition, commonly in
         the sense of relating to, or characteristic of, a dog.
         It is also used to denote a male; as, dog fox or g-fox,
         a male fox; dog otter or dog-otter, dog wolf, etc.; --
         also to denote a thing of cheap or mean quality; as,
         dog Latin.
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   A dead dog, a thing of no use or value. --1 Sam. xxiv. 14.

   A dog in the manger, an ugly-natured person who prevents
      others from enjoying what would be an advantage to them
      but is none to him.

   Dog ape (Zool.), a male ape.

   Dog cabbage, or Dog's cabbage (Bot.), a succulent herb,
      native to the Mediterranean region ({Thelygonum
      Cynocrambe}).

   Dog cheap, very cheap. See under Cheap.

   Dog ear (Arch.), an acroterium. [Colloq.]

   Dog flea (Zool.), a species of flea (Pulex canis) which
      infests dogs and cats, and is often troublesome to man. In
      America it is the common flea. See Flea, and
      Aphaniptera.

   Dog grass (Bot.), a grass (Triticum caninum) of the same
      genus as wheat.

   Dog Latin, barbarous Latin; as, the dog Latin of pharmacy.
      

   Dog lichen (Bot.), a kind of lichen (Peltigera canina)
      growing on earth, rocks, and tree trunks, -- a lobed
      expansion, dingy green above and whitish with fuscous
      veins beneath.

   Dog louse (Zool.), a louse that infests the dog, esp.
      H[ae]matopinus piliferus; another species is
      Trichodectes latus.

   Dog power, a machine operated by the weight of a dog
      traveling in a drum, or on an endless track, as for
      churning.

   Dog salmon (Zool.), a salmon of northwest America and
      northern Asia; -- the gorbuscha; -- called also holia,
      and hone.

   Dog shark. (Zool.) See Dogfish.

   Dog's meat, meat fit only for dogs; refuse; offal.

   Dog Star. See in the Vocabulary.

   Dog wheat (Bot.), Dog grass.

   Dog whelk (Zool.), any species of univalve shells of the
      family Nassid[ae], esp. the Nassa reticulata of
      England.

   To give to the dogs, or To throw to the dogs, to throw
      away as useless. "Throw physic to the dogs; I'll none of
      it." --Shak.

   To go to the dogs, to go to ruin; to be ruined.
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