ear


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Crossette \Cros*sette"\ (kr?s-s?t`), n. [F., dim. of crosse. See
   Crosier.] (Arch.)
   (a) A return in one of the corners of the architrave of a
       door or window; -- called also ancon, ear, elbow.
   (b) The shoulder of a joggled keystone.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ear \Ear\ ([=e]r), n. [AS. e['a]re; akin to OFries. ['a]re,
   ['a]r, OS. [=o]ra, D. oor, OHG. [=o]ra, G. ohr, Icel. eyra,
   Sw. ["o]ra, Dan. ["o]re, Goth. auso, L. auris, Lith. ausis,
   Russ. ukho, Gr. o'y^s; cf. L. audire to hear, Gr. 'ai`ein,
   Skr. av to favor, protect. Cf. Auricle, Orillon.]
   1. The organ of hearing; the external ear.
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   Note: In man and the higher vertebrates, the organ of hearing
         is very complicated, and is divisible into three parts:
         the external ear, which includes the pinna or auricle
         and meatus or external opening; the middle ear, drum,
         or tympanum; and the internal ear, or labyrinth. The
         middle ear is a cavity connected by the Eustachian tube
         with the pharynx, separated from the opening of the
         external ear by the tympanic membrane, and containing a
         chain of three small bones, or ossicles, named malleus,
         incus, and stapes, which connect this membrane with the
         internal ear. The essential part of the internal ear
         where the fibers of the auditory nerve terminate, is
         the membranous labyrinth, a complicated system of sacs
         and tubes filled with a fluid (the endolymph), and
         lodged in a cavity, called the bony labyrinth, in the
         periotic bone. The membranous labyrinth does not
         completely fill the bony labyrinth, but is partially
         suspended in it in a fluid (the perilymph). The bony
         labyrinth consists of a central cavity, the vestibule,
         into which three semicircular canals and the canal of
         the cochlea (spirally coiled in mammals) open. The
         vestibular portion of the membranous labyrinth consists
         of two sacs, the utriculus and sacculus, connected by a
         narrow tube, into the former of which three membranous
         semicircular canals open, while the latter is connected
         with a membranous tube in the cochlea containing the
         organ of Corti. By the help of the external ear the
         sonorous vibrations of the air are concentrated upon
         the tympanic membrane and set it vibrating, the chain
         of bones in the middle ear transmits these vibrations
         to the internal ear, where they cause certain delicate
         structures in the organ of Corti, and other parts of
         the membranous labyrinth, to stimulate the fibers of
         the auditory nerve to transmit sonorous impulses to the
         brain.
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   2. The sense of hearing; the perception of sounds; the power
      of discriminating between different tones; as, a nice ear
      for music; -- in the singular only.
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            Songs . . . not all ungrateful to thine ear.
                                                  --Tennyson.
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   3. That which resembles in shape or position the ear of an
      animal; any prominence or projection on an object, --
      usually one for support or attachment; a lug; a handle;
      as, the ears of a tub, a skillet, or dish. The ears of a
      boat are outside kneepieces near the bow. See Illust. of
      Bell.
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   4. (Arch.)
      (a) Same as Acroterium.
      (b) Same as Crossette.
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   5. Privilege of being kindly heard; favor; attention.
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            Dionysius . . . would give no ear to his suit.
                                                  --Bacon.
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            Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.
                                                  --Shak.
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   About the ears, in close proximity to; near at hand.

   By the ears, in close contest; as, to set by the ears; to
      fall together by the ears; to be by the ears.

   Button ear (in dogs), an ear which falls forward and
      completely hides the inside.

   Ear finger, the little finger.

   Ear of Dionysius, a kind of ear trumpet with a flexible
      tube; -- named from the Sicilian tyrant, who constructed a
      device to overhear the prisoners in his dungeons.

   Ear sand (Anat.), otoliths. See Otolith.

   Ear snail (Zo["o]l.), any snail of the genus Auricula and
      allied genera.

   Ear stones (Anat.), otoliths. See Otolith.

   Ear trumpet, an instrument to aid in hearing. It consists
      of a tube broad at the outer end, and narrowing to a
      slender extremity which enters the ear, thus collecting
      and intensifying sounds so as to assist the hearing of a
      partially deaf person.

   Ear vesicle (Zo["o]l.), a simple auditory organ, occurring
      in many worms, mollusks, etc. It consists of a small sac
      containing a fluid and one or more solid concretions or
      otocysts.

   Rose ear (in dogs), an ear which folds backward and shows
      part of the inside.

   To give ear to, to listen to; to heed, as advice or one
      advising. "Give ear unto my song." --Goldsmith.

   To have one's ear, to be listened to with favor.

   Up to the ears, deeply submerged; almost overwhelmed; as,
      to be in trouble up to one's ears. [Colloq.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ear \Ear\ ([=e]r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Eared ([=e]rd); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Earing.]
   To take in with the ears; to hear. [Sportive] "I eared her
   language." --Two Noble Kinsmen.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ear \Ear\, n. [AS. ear; akin to D. aar, OHG. ahir, G. [aum]hre,
   Icel., Sw., & Dan. ax, Goth. ahs. [root]1. Cf. Awn,
   Edge.]
   The spike or head of any cereal (as, wheat, rye, barley,
   Indian corn, etc.), containing the kernels.
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         First the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn
         in the ear.                              --Mark iv. 28.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ear \Ear\, v. i.
   To put forth ears in growing; to form ears, as grain; as,
   this corn ears well.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ear \Ear\, v. t. [OE. erien, AS. erian; akin to OFries. era,
   OHG. erran, MHG. eren, ern, Prov. G. aren, [aum]ren, Icel.
   erja, Goth. arjan, Lith. arti, OSlav. orati, L. arare, Gr. ?.
   Cf. Arable.]
   To plow or till; to cultivate. "To ear the land." --Shak.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

canon \can"on\ (k[a^]n"[u^]n), n. [OE. canon, canoun, AS. canon
   rule (cf. F. canon, LL. canon, and, for sense 7, F. chanoine,
   LL. canonicus), fr. L. canon a measuring line, rule, model,
   fr. Gr. kanw`n rule, rod, fr. ka`nh, ka`nnh, reed. See
   Cane, and cf. Canonical.]
   1. A law or rule.
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            Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
            His canon 'gainst self-slaughter.     --Shak.
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   2. (Eccl.) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted
      by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a
      decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by
      ecclesiastical authority.
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            Various canons which were made in councils held in
            the second centry.                    --Hook.
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   3. The collection of books received as genuine Holy
      Scriptures, called the sacred canon, or general rule of
      moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible;
      also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See {Canonical
      books}, under Canonical, a.
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   4. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious
      order.
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   5. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the
      Roman Catholic Church.
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   6. A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a
      prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.
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   7. (Mus.) A musical composition in which the voices begin one
      after another, at regular intervals, successively taking
      up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda
      (tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew,
      thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the
      strictest form of imitation. See Imitation.
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   8. (Print.) The largest size of type having a specific name;
      -- so called from having been used for printing the canons
      of the church.
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   9. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called
      also ear and shank.

   Note: [See Illust. of Bell.] --Knight.
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   10. (Billiards) See Carom.
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   Apostolical canons. See under Apostolical.

   Augustinian canons, Black canons. See under
      Augustinian.

   Canon capitular, Canon residentiary, a resident member of
      a cathedral chapter (during a part or the whole of the
      year).

   Canon law. See under Law.

   Canon of the Mass (R. C. Ch.), that part of the mass,
      following the Sanctus, which never changes.

   Honorary canon, a canon[6] who neither lived in a
      monastery, nor kept the canonical hours.

   Minor canon (Ch. of Eng.), one who has been admitted to a
      chapter, but has not yet received a prebend.

   Regular canon (R. C. Ch.), one who lived in a conventual
      community and followed the rule of St. Austin; a Black
      canon.

   Secular canon (R. C. Ch.), one who did not live in a
      monastery, but kept the hours.
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