extreme unction

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Unction \Unc"tion\, n. [OE. unccioun, uncioun, OF. oncion,
   onction, F. onction, fr. L. unctio, fr. ungere, unctum, to
   anoint. See Unguent.]
   1. The act of anointing, smearing, or rubbing with an
      unguent, oil, or ointment, especially for medical
      purposes, or as a symbol of consecration; as, mercurial
      [1913 Webster]

            To be heir, and to be king
            By sacred unction, thy deserved right. --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. That which is used for anointing; an unguent; an ointment;
      hence, anything soothing or lenitive.
      [1913 Webster]

            The king himself the sacred unction made. --Dryden.
      [1913 Webster]

            Lay not that flattering unction to your soul.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Divine or sanctifying grace. [R.]
      [1913 Webster]

   4. That quality in language, address, or the like, which
      excites emotion; especially, strong devotion; religious
      fervor and tenderness; sometimes, a simulated, factitious,
      or unnatural fervor.
      [1913 Webster]

            The delightful equivoque and unction of the passage
            in Farquhar.                          --Hazlitt.
      [1913 Webster]

            The mention of thy glory
            Is unction to the breast.             --Neale
                                                  (Rhythm of St.
      [1913 Webster]

   Extreme unction (R. C. Ch. & Gr. Ch.), the sacrament of
      anointing in the last hours; the application of
      consecrated oil by a priest to all the senses, that is, to
      eyes, ears, nostrils, etc., of a person when in danger of
      death from illness, -- done for remission of sins. [James
      v. 14, 15.]
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Extreme \Ex*treme"\, a. [L. extremus, superl. of exter, extrus,
   on the outside, outward: cf. F. extr[^e]me. See Exterior.]
   1. At the utmost point, edge, or border; outermost; utmost;
      farthest; most remote; at the widest limit.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Last; final; conclusive; -- said of time; as, the extreme
      hour of life.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. The best of worst; most urgent; greatest; highest;
      immoderate; excessive; most violent; as, an extreme case;
      extreme folly. "The extremest remedy." --Dryden. "Extreme
      rapidity." --Sir W. Scott.
      [1913 Webster]

            Yet extreme gusts will blow out fire. --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Radical; ultra; as, extreme opinions.
      [1913 Webster]

            The Puritans or extreme Protestants.  --Gladstone.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. (Mus.) Extended or contracted as much as possible; -- said
      of intervals; as, an extreme sharp second; an extreme flat
      [1913 Webster]

   Extreme and mean ratio (Geom.), the relation of a line and
      its segments when the line is so divided that the whole is
      to the greater segment is to the less.

   Extreme distance. (Paint.) See Distance., n., 6.

   Extreme unction. See under Unction.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Although this adjective, being superlative in
         signification, is not properly subject to comparison,
         the superlative form not unfrequently occurs,
         especially in the older writers. "Tried in his
         extremest state." --Spenser. "Extremest hardships."
         --Sharp. "Extremest of evils." --Bacon. "Extremest
         verge of the swift brook." --Shak. "The sea's extremest
         borders." --Addison.
         [1913 Webster]
Feedback Form