From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Falcon \Fal"con\, n. [OE. faucon, faucoun, OF. faucon, falcon,
   ?. faucon, fr. LL. falco, perh. from L. falx, falcis, a
   sickle or scythe, and named from its curving talons. Cf.
   1. (Zool.)
      (a) One of a family (Falconid[ae]) of raptorial birds,
          characterized by a short, hooked beak, strong claws,
          and powerful flight.
      (b) Any species of the genus Falco, distinguished by
          having a toothlike lobe on the upper mandible;
          especially, one of this genus trained to the pursuit
          of other birds, or game.
          [1913 Webster]

                In the language of falconry, the female
                peregrine (Falco peregrinus) is exclusively
                called the falcon.                --Yarrell.
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   2. (Gun.) An ancient form of cannon.
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   Chanting falcon. (Zool.) See under Chanting.
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