false keel


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Keel \Keel\, n. [Cf. AS. ce['o]l ship; akin to D. & G. kiel
   keel, OHG. chiol ship, Icel. kj[=o]ll, and perh. to Gr.
   gay^los a round-built Ph[oe]nician merchant vessel, gaylo`s
   bucket; cf. Skr. g[=o]la ball, round water vessel. But the
   meaning of the English word seems to come from Icel. kj["o]lr
   keel, akin to Sw. k["o]l, Dan. kj["o]l.]
   1. (Shipbuilding) A longitudinal timber, or series of timbers
      scarfed together, extending from stem to stern along the
      bottom of a vessel. It is the principal timber of the
      vessel, and, by means of the ribs attached on each side,
      supports the vessel's frame. In an iron vessel, a
      combination of plates supplies the place of the keel of a
      wooden ship. See Illust. of Keelson.
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   2. Fig.: The whole ship.
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   3. A barge or lighter, used on the Tyne for carrying coal
      from Newcastle; also, a barge load of coal, twenty-one
      tons, four cwt. [Eng.]
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   4. (Bot.) The two lowest petals of the corolla of a
      papilionaceous flower, united and inclosing the stamens
      and pistil; a carina. See Carina.
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   5. (Nat. Hist.) A projecting ridge along the middle of a flat
      or curved surface.
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   6. (Aeronautics) In a dirigible, a construction similar in
      form and use to a ship's keel; in an a["e]roplane, a fin
      or fixed surface employed to increase stability and to
      hold the machine to its course.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   Bilge keel (Naut.), a keel peculiar to ironclad vessels,
      extending only a portion of the length of the vessel under
      the bilges. --Ham. Nav. Encyc.

   False keel. See under False.

   Keel boat.
      (a) A covered freight boat, with a keel, but no sails,
          used on Western rivers. [U. S.]
      (b) A low, flat-bottomed freight boat. See Keel, n., 3.
          

   Keel piece, one of the timbers or sections of which a keel
      is composed.

   On even keel, in a level or horizontal position, so that
      the draught of water at the stern and the bow is the same.
      --Ham. Nav. Encyc.

   On an even keel a. & adv., steady; balanced; steadily.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

False \False\, a. [Compar. Falser; superl. Falsest.] [L.
   falsus, p. p. of fallere to deceive; cf. OF. faus, fals, F.
   faux, and AS. fals fraud. See Fail, Fall.]
   1. Uttering falsehood; unveracious; given to deceit;
      dishnest; as, a false witness.
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   2. Not faithful or loyal, as to obligations, allegiance,
      vows, etc.; untrue; treacherous; perfidious; as, a false
      friend, lover, or subject; false to promises.
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            I to myself was false, ere thou to me. --Milton.
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   3. Not according with truth or reality; not true; fitted or
      likely to deceive or disappoint; as, a false statement.
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   4. Not genuine or real; assumed or designed to deceive;
      counterfeit; hypocritical; as, false tears; false modesty;
      false colors; false jewelry.
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            False face must hide what the false heart doth know.
                                                  --Shak.
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   5. Not well founded; not firm or trustworthy; erroneous; as,
      a false claim; a false conclusion; a false construction in
      grammar.
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            Whose false foundation waves have swept away.
                                                  --Spenser.
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   6. Not essential or permanent, as parts of a structure which
      are temporary or supplemental.
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   7. (Mus.) Not in tune.
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   False arch (Arch.), a member having the appearance of an
      arch, though not of arch construction.

   False attic, an architectural erection above the main
      cornice, concealing a roof, but not having windows or
      inclosing rooms.

   False bearing, any bearing which is not directly upon a
      vertical support; thus, the weight carried by a corbel has
      a false bearing.

   False cadence, an imperfect or interrupted cadence.

   False conception (Med.), an abnormal conception in which a
      mole, or misshapen fleshy mass, is produced instead of a
      properly organized fetus.

   False croup (Med.), a spasmodic affection of the larynx
      attended with the symptoms of membranous croup, but
      unassociated with the deposit of a fibrinous membrane.

   False door or False window (Arch.), the representation of
      a door or window, inserted to complete a series of doors
      or windows or to give symmetry.

   False fire, a combustible carried by vessels of war,
      chiefly for signaling, but sometimes burned for the
      purpose of deceiving an enemy; also, a light on shore for
      decoying a vessel to destruction.

   False galena. See Blende.

   False imprisonment (Law), the arrest and imprisonment of a
      person without warrant or cause, or contrary to law; or
      the unlawful detaining of a person in custody.

   False keel (Naut.), the timber below the main keel, used to
      serve both as a protection and to increase the shio's
      lateral resistance.

   False key, a picklock.

   False leg. (Zool.) See Proleg.

   False membrane (Med.), the fibrinous deposit formed in
      croup and diphtheria, and resembling in appearance an
      animal membrane.

   False papers (Naut.), documents carried by a ship giving
      false representations respecting her cargo, destination,
      etc., for the purpose of deceiving.

   False passage (Surg.), an unnatural passage leading off
      from a natural canal, such as the urethra, and produced
      usually by the unskillful introduction of instruments.

   False personation (Law), the intentional false assumption
      of the name and personality of another.

   False pretenses (Law), false representations concerning
      past or present facts and events, for the purpose of
      defrauding another.

   False rail (Naut.), a thin piece of timber placed on top of
      the head rail to strengthen it.

   False relation (Mus.), a progression in harmony, in which a
      certain note in a chord appears in the next chord prefixed
      by a flat or sharp.

   False return (Law), an untrue return made to a process by
      the officer to whom it was delivered for execution.

   False ribs (Anat.), the asternal rebs, of which there are
      five pairs in man.

   False roof (Arch.), the space between the upper ceiling and
      the roof. --Oxford Gloss.

   False token, a false mark or other symbol, used for
      fraudulent purposes.

   False scorpion (Zool.), any arachnid of the genus
      Chelifer. See Book scorpion.

   False tack (Naut.), a coming up into the wind and filling
      away again on the same tack.

   False vampire (Zool.), the Vampyrus spectrum of South
      America, formerly erroneously supposed to have
      blood-sucking habits; -- called also vampire, and {ghost
      vampire}. The genuine blood-sucking bats belong to the
      genera Desmodus and Diphylla. See Vampire.

   False window. (Arch.) See False door, above.

   False wing. (Zool.) See Alula, and Bastard wing, under
      Bastard.

   False works (Civil Engin.), construction works to
      facilitate the erection of the main work, as scaffolding,
      bridge centering, etc.
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