From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Fertilization \Fer`ti*li*za"tion\, n.
   1. The act or process of rendering fertile.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Biol.) The act of fecundating or impregnating animal or
      vegetable germs; esp., the process by which in flowers the
      pollen renders the ovule fertile, or an analogous process
      in flowerless plants; fecundation; impregnation.
      [1913 Webster]

   Close fertilization (Bot.), the fertilization of pistils by
      pollen derived from the stamens of the same blossom.

   Cross fertilization, fertilization by pollen from some
      other blossom. See under Cross, a.
      [1913 Webster]
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