french purple


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

French \French\ (fr[e^]nch), prop. a. [AS. frencisc, LL.
   franciscus, from L. Francus a Frank: cf. OF. franceis,
   franchois, fran[,c]ois, F. fran[,c]ais. See Frank, a., and
   cf. Frankish.]
   Of or pertaining to France or its inhabitants.
   [1913 Webster]

   French bean (Bot.), the common kidney bean ({Phaseolus
      vulgaris}).

   French berry (Bot.), the berry of a species of buckthorn
      (Rhamnus catharticus), which affords a saffron, green or
      purple pigment.

   French casement (Arch.) See French window, under
      Window.

   French chalk (Min.), a variety of granular talc; -- used
      for drawing lines on cloth, etc. See under Chalk.

   French cowslip (Bot.) The Primula Auricula. See
      Bear's-ear.

   French fake (Naut.), a mode of coiling a rope by running it
      backward and forward in parallel bends, so that it may run
      freely.

   French honeysuckle (Bot.) a plant of the genus Hedysarum
      (H. coronarium); -- called also garland honeysuckle.
      

   French horn, a metallic wind instrument, consisting of a
      long tube twisted into circular folds and gradually
      expanding from the mouthpiece to the end at which the
      sound issues; -- called in France cor de chasse.

   French leave, an informal, hasty, or secret departure;
      esp., the leaving a place without paying one's debts.

   French pie [French (here used in sense of "foreign") + pie
      a magpie (in allusion to its black and white color)]
      (Zool.), the European great spotted woodpecker ({Dryobstes
      major}); -- called also wood pie.

   French polish.
   (a) A preparation for the surface of woodwork, consisting of
       gums dissolved in alcohol, either shellac alone, or
       shellac with other gums added.
   (b) The glossy surface produced by the application of the
       above.

   French purple, a dyestuff obtained from lichens and used
      for coloring woolen and silken fabrics, without the aid of
      mordants. --Ure.

   French red rouge.

   French rice, amelcorn.

   French roof (Arch.), a modified form of mansard roof having
      a nearly flat deck for the upper slope.

   French tub, a dyer's mixture of protochloride of tin and
      logwood; -- called also plum tub. --Ure.

   French window. See under Window.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Purple \Pur"ple\, n.; pl. Purples. [OE. purpre, pourpre, OF.
   purpre, porpre, pourpre, F. pourpre, L. purpura purple fish,
   purple dye, fr. Gr. ? the purple fish, a shell from the
   purple dye was obtained, purple dye; cf. ? dark (said of the
   sea), purple, ? to grow dark (said of the sea), to be
   troubled; perh. akin to L. furere to rage, E. fury: cf. AS.
   purpure. Cf. Porphyry, Purpure.]
   1. A color formed by, or resembling that formed by, a
      combination of the primary colors red and blue.
      [1913 Webster]

            Arraying with reflected purple and gold
            The clouds that on his western throne attend. --
                                                  Milton.
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   Note: The ancient words which are translated purple are
         supposed to have been used for the color we call
         crimson. In the gradations of color as defined in art,
         purple is a mixture of red and blue. When red
         predominates it is called violet, and when blue
         predominates, hyacinth.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. Cloth dyed a purple color, or a garment of such color;
      especially, a purple robe, worn as an emblem of rank or
      authority; specifically, the purple rode or mantle worn by
      Roman emperors as the emblem of imperial dignity; as, to
      put on the imperial purple.
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            Thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of
            fine twined linen, and purple, and scarlet. --Ex.
                                                  xxvi. 1.
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   3. Hence: Imperial sovereignty; royal rank, dignity, or
      favor; loosely and colloquially, any exalted station;
      great wealth. "He was born in the purple." --Gibbon.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. A cardinalate. See Cardinal.
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   5. (Zool.) Any species of large butterflies, usually marked
      with purple or blue, of the genus Basilarchia (formerly
      Limenitis) as, the banded purple ({Basilarchia
      arthemis}). See Illust. under Ursula.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. (Zool.) Any shell of the genus Purpura.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. pl.(Med.) See Purpura.
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   8. pl. A disease of wheat. Same as Earcockle.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Purple is sometimes used in composition, esp. with
         participles forming words of obvious signification; as,
         purple-colored, purple-hued, purple-stained,
         purple-tinged, purple-tinted, and the like.
         [1913 Webster]

   French purple. (Chem.) Same as Cudbear.

   Purple of Cassius. See Cassius.

   Purple of mollusca (Zool.), a coloring matter derived from
      certain mollusks, which dyes wool, etc., of a purple or
      crimson color, and is supposed to be the substance of the
      famous Tyrian dye. It is obtained from Ianthina, and from
      several species of Purpura, and Murex.

   To be born in the purple, to be of princely birth; to be
      highborn.
      [1913 Webster]
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