golden pheasant


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gold \Gold\ (g[=o]ld), n. [AS. gold; akin to D. goud, OS. & G.
   gold, Icel. gull, Sw. & Dan. guld, Goth. gul[thorn], Russ. &
   OSlav. zlato; prob. akin to E. yellow. [root]49, 234. See
   Yellow, and cf. Gild, v. t.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. (Chem.) A metallic element of atomic number 79,
      constituting the most precious metal used as a common
      commercial medium of exchange. It has a characteristic
      yellow color, is one of the heaviest substances known
      (specific gravity 19.32), is soft, and very malleable and
      ductile. It is quite unalterable by heat (melting point
      1064.4[deg] C), moisture, and most corrosive agents, and
      therefore well suited for its use in coin and jewelry.
      Symbol Au (Aurum). Atomic weight 196.97.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Native gold contains usually eight to ten per cent of
         silver, but often much more. As the amount of silver
         increases, the color becomes whiter and the specific
         gravity lower. Gold is very widely disseminated, as in
         the sands of many rivers, but in very small quantity.
         It usually occurs in quartz veins (gold quartz), in
         slate and metamorphic rocks, or in sand and alluvial
         soil, resulting from the disintegration of such rocks.
         It also occurs associated with other metallic
         substances, as in auriferous pyrites, and is combined
         with tellurium in the minerals petzite, calaverite,
         sylvanite, etc. Pure gold is too soft for ordinary use,
         and is hardened by alloying with silver and copper, the
         latter giving a characteristic reddish tinge. [See
         Carat.] Gold also finds use in gold foil, in the
         pigment purple of Cassius, and in the chloride, which
         is used as a toning agent in photography.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. Money; riches; wealth.
      [1913 Webster]

            For me, the gold of France did not seduce. --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. A yellow color, like that of the metal; as, a flower
      tipped with gold.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Figuratively, something precious or pure; as, hearts of
      gold. --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   Age of gold. See Golden age, under Golden.

   Dutch gold, Fool's gold, Gold dust, etc. See under
      Dutch, Dust, etc.

   Gold amalgam, a mineral, found in Columbia and California,
      composed of gold and mercury.

   Gold beater, one whose occupation is to beat gold into gold
      leaf.

   Gold beater's skin, the prepared outside membrane of the
      large intestine of the ox, used for separating the leaves
      of metal during the process of gold-beating.

   Gold beetle (Zool.), any small gold-colored beetle of the
      family Chrysomelid[ae]; -- called also golden beetle.
      

   Gold blocking, printing with gold leaf, as upon a book
      cover, by means of an engraved block. --Knight.

   Gold cloth. See Cloth of gold, under Cloth.

   Gold Coast, a part of the coast of Guinea, in West Africa.
      

   Gold cradle. (Mining) See Cradle, n., 7.

   Gold diggings, the places, or region, where gold is found
      by digging in sand and gravel from which it is separated
      by washing.

   Gold end, a fragment of broken gold or jewelry.

   Gold-end man.
      (a) A buyer of old gold or jewelry.
      (b) A goldsmith's apprentice.
      (c) An itinerant jeweler. "I know him not: he looks like a
          gold-end man." --B. Jonson.

   Gold fever, a popular mania for gold hunting.

   Gold field, a region in which are deposits of gold.

   Gold finder.
      (a) One who finds gold.
      (b) One who empties privies. [Obs. & Low] --Swift.

   Gold flower, a composite plant with dry and persistent
      yellow radiating involucral scales, the {Helichrysum
      St[oe]chas} of Southern Europe. There are many South
      African species of the same genus.

   Gold foil, thin sheets of gold, as used by dentists and
      others. See Gold leaf.

   Gold knobs or Gold knoppes (Bot.), buttercups.

   Gold lace, a kind of lace, made of gold thread.

   Gold latten, a thin plate of gold or gilded metal.

   Gold leaf, gold beaten into a film of extreme thinness, and
      used for gilding, etc. It is much thinner than gold foil.
      

   Gold lode (Mining), a gold vein.

   Gold mine, a place where gold is obtained by mining
      operations, as distinguished from diggings, where it is
      extracted by washing. Cf. Gold diggings (above).

   Gold nugget, a lump of gold as found in gold mining or
      digging; -- called also a pepito.

   Gold paint. See Gold shell.

   Gold pheasant, or Golden pheasant. (Zool.) See under
      Pheasant.

   Gold plate, a general name for vessels, dishes, cups,
      spoons, etc., made of gold.

   Mosaic gold. See under Mosaic.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Golden \Gold"en\ (g[=o]ld"'n), a. [OE. golden; cf. OE. gulden,
   AS. gylden, from gold. See Gold, and cf. Guilder.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. Made of gold; consisting of gold.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Having the color of gold; as, the golden grain.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Very precious; highly valuable; excellent; eminently
      auspicious; as, golden opinions.
      [1913 Webster]

   Golden age.
      (a) The fabulous age of primeval simplicity and purity of
          manners in rural employments, followed by the {silver
          age}, bronze age, and iron age. --Dryden.
      (b) (Roman Literature) The best part (B. C. 81 -- A. D.
          14) of the classical period of Latinity; the time when
          Cicero, C[ae]sar, Virgil, etc., wrote. Hence:
      (c) That period in the history of a literature, etc., when
          it flourishes in its greatest purity or attains its
          greatest glory; as, the Elizabethan age has been
          considered the golden age of English literature.

   Golden balls, three gilt balls used as a sign of a
      pawnbroker's office or shop; -- originally taken from the
      coat of arms of Lombardy, the first money lenders in
      London having been Lombards.

   Golden bull. See under Bull, an edict.

   Golden chain (Bot.), the shrub Cytisus Laburnum, so named
      from its long clusters of yellow blossoms.

   Golden club (Bot.), an aquatic plant ({Orontium
      aquaticum}), bearing a thick spike of minute yellow
      flowers.

   Golden cup (Bot.), the buttercup.

   Golden eagle (Zool.), a large and powerful eagle ({Aquila
      Chrysa["e]tos}) inhabiting Europe, Asia, and North
      America. It is so called from the brownish yellow tips of
      the feathers on the head and neck. A dark variety is
      called the royal eagle; the young in the second year is
      the ring-tailed eagle.

   Golden fleece.
      (a) (Mythol.) The fleece of gold fabled to have been taken
          from the ram that bore Phryxus through the air to
          Colchis, and in quest of which Jason undertook the
          Argonautic expedition.
      (b) (Her.) An order of knighthood instituted in 1429 by
          Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy; -- called also
          Toison d'Or.

   Golden grease, a bribe; a fee. [Slang]

   Golden hair (Bot.), a South African shrubby composite plant
      with golden yellow flowers, the Chrysocoma Coma-aurea.
      

   Golden Horde (Hist.), a tribe of Mongolian Tartars who
      overran and settled in Southern Russia early in the 18th
      century.

   Golden Legend, a hagiology (the "Aurea Legenda") written by
      James de Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa, in the 13th
      century, translated and printed by Caxton in 1483, and
      partially paraphrased by Longfellow in a poem thus
      entitled.

   Golden marcasite tin. [Obs.]

   Golden mean, the way of wisdom and safety between extremes;
      sufficiency without excess; moderation.
      [1913 Webster]

            Angels guard him in the golden mean.  --Pope.

   Golden mole (Zool), one of several South African
      Insectivora of the family Chrysochlorid[ae], resembling
      moles in form and habits. The fur is tinted with green,
      purple, and gold.

   Golden number (Chronol.), a number showing the year of the
      lunar or Metonic cycle. It is reckoned from 1 to 19, and
      is so called from having formerly been written in the
      calendar in gold.

   Golden oriole. (Zool.) See Oriole.

   Golden pheasant. See under Pheasant.

   Golden pippin, a kind of apple, of a bright yellow color.
      

   Golden plover (Zool.), one of several species of plovers,
      of the genus Charadrius, esp. the European ({Charadrius
      apricarius}, syn. Charadrius pluvialis; -- called also
      yellow plover, black-breasted plover, hill plover,
      and whistling plover. The common American species
      (Charadrius dominicus) is also called frostbird, and
      bullhead.

   Golden robin. (Zool.) See Baltimore oriole, in Vocab.

   Golden rose (R. C. Ch.), a gold or gilded rose blessed by
      the pope on the fourth Sunday in Lent, and sent to some
      church or person in recognition of special services
      rendered to the Holy See.

   Golden rule.
      (a) The rule of doing as we would have others do to us.
          Cf. --Luke vi. 31.
      (b) The rule of proportion, or rule of three.

   Golden samphire (Bot.), a composite plant ({Inula
      crithmoides}), found on the seashore of Europe.

   Golden saxifrage (Bot.), a low herb with yellow flowers
      (Chrysosplenium oppositifolium), blossoming in wet
      places in early spring.

   Golden seal (Bot.), a perennial ranunculaceous herb
      (Hydrastis Canadensis), with a thick knotted rootstock
      and large rounded leaves.

   Golden sulphide of antimony, or {Golden sulphuret of
   antimony} (Chem.), the pentasulphide of antimony, a golden or
      orange yellow powder.

   Golden warbler (Zool.), a common American wood warbler
      (Dendroica [ae]stiva); -- called also {blue-eyed yellow
      warbler}, garden warbler, and summer yellow bird.

   Golden wasp (Zool.), a bright-colored hymenopterous insect,
      of the family Chrysidid[ae]. The colors are golden,
      blue, and green.

   Golden wedding. See under Wedding.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Pheasant \Pheas"ant\ (f[e^]z"ant), n. [OE. fesant, fesaunt, OF.
   faisant, faisan, F. faisan, L. phasianus, Gr. fasiano`s (sc.
   'o`rnis) the Phasian bird, pheasant, fr. Fa`sis a river in
   Colchis or Pontus.]
   1. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of large gallinaceous
      birds of the genus Phasianus, and many other genera of
      the family Phasianid[ae], found chiefly in Asia.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: The

   common pheasant, or English pheasant ({Phasianus
      Colchicus}) is now found over most of temperate Europe,
      but was introduced from Asia. The

   ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus torquatus) and the

   green pheasant (Phasianus versicolor) have been
      introduced into Oregon. The

   golden pheasant (Thaumalea picta) is one of the most
      beautiful species. The

   silver pheasant (Euplocamus nychthemerus) of China, and
      several related species from Southern Asia, are very
      beautiful.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Zool.) The ruffed grouse. [Southern U.S.]
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Various other birds are locally called pheasants, as
         the lyre bird, the leipoa, etc.
         [1913 Webster]

   Fireback pheasant. See Fireback.

   Gold pheasant, or Golden pheasant (Zool.), a Chinese
      pheasant (Thaumalea picta), having rich, varied colors.
      The crest is amber-colored, the rump is golden yellow, and
      the under parts are scarlet.

   Mountain pheasant (Zool.), the ruffed grouse. [Local, U.S.]
      

   Pheasant coucal (Zool.), a large Australian cuckoo
      (Centropus phasianus). The general color is black, with
      chestnut wings and brown tail. Called also {pheasant
      cuckoo}. The name is also applied to other allied species.
      

   Pheasant duck. (Zool.)
      (a) The pintail.
      (b) The hooded merganser.

   Pheasant parrot (Zool.), a large and beautiful Australian
      parrakeet (Platycercus Adelaidensis). The male has the
      back black, the feathers margined with yellowish blue and
      scarlet, the quills deep blue, the wing coverts and cheeks
      light blue, the crown, sides of the neck, breast, and
      middle of the belly scarlet.

   Pheasant's eye. (Bot.)
      (a) A red-flowered herb (Adonis autumnalis) of the
          Crowfoot family; -- called also {pheasant's-eye
          Adonis}.
      (b) The garden pink (Dianthus plumarius); -- called also
          Pheasant's-eye pink.

   Pheasant shell (Zool.), any marine univalve shell of the
      genus Phasianella, of which numerous species are found
      in tropical seas. The shell is smooth and usually richly
      colored, the colors often forming blotches like those of a
      pheasant.

   Pheasant wood. (Bot.) Same as Partridge wood
      (a), under Partridge.

   Sea pheasant (Zool.), the pintail.

   Water pheasant. (Zool.)
      (a) The sheldrake.
      (b) The hooded merganser.
          [1913 Webster]
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