graft


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Graft \Graft\, n. [OE. graff, F. greffe, originally the same
   word as OF. grafe pencil, L. graphium, Gr. ?, ?, fr. ? to
   write; prob. akin to E. carve. So named from the resemblance
   of a scion or shoot to a pointed pencil. Cf. Graphic,
   Grammar.]
      (a) A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another
          tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it.
          The two unite and become one tree, but the graft
          determines the kind of fruit.
      (b) A branch or portion of a tree growing from such a
          shoot.
      (c) (Surg.) A portion of living tissue used in the
          operation of autoplasty.
          [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Graft \Graft\, n. [Prob. orig. so called because illegitimate or
   improper profit was looked upon as a graft, or sort of
   excrescence, on a legitimate business undertaking, in
   distinction from its natural proper development.]
   1. Acquisition of money, position, etc., by dishonest or
      unjust means, as by actual theft or by taking advantage of
      a public office or any position of trust or employment to
      obtain fees, perquisites, profits on contracts,
      legislation, pay for work not done or service not
      performed, etc.; illegal or unfair practice for profit or
      personal advantage; also, anything thus gained. [Colloq.]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   2. A "soft thing" or "easy thing;" a "snap." [Slang]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Graft \Graft\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grafted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Grafting.] [F. greffer. See Graft, n.]
   1. To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree;
      to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to
      insert a graft upon. [Formerly written graff.]
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Surg.) To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in
      a lesion so as to form an organic union.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to
      bring about a close union.
      [1913 Webster]

            And graft my love immortal on thy fame ! --Pope.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. (Naut.) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing,
      etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Graft \Graft\, v. i.
   To insert scions from one tree, or kind of tree, etc., into
   another; to practice grafting.
   [1913 Webster]
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