hard


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Hard \Hard\ (h[aum]rd), a. [Compar. Harder (-[~e]r); superl.
   Hardest.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D.
   hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. har[eth]r, Dan.
   haard, Sw. h[*a]rd, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty`s strong,
   ka`rtos, kra`tos, strength, and also to E. -ard, as in
   coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy in autocrat, democracy; cf.
   Skr. kratu strength, k[.r] to do, make. Cf. Hardy.]
   1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not
      yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to
      material bodies, and opposed to soft; as, hard wood;
      hard flesh; a hard apple.
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   2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended,
      decided, or resolved; as a hard problem.
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            The hard causes they brought unto Moses. --Ex.
                                                  xviii. 26.
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            In which are some things hard to be understood. --2
                                                  Peter iii. 16.
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   3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious;
      fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to
      cure.
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   4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful.
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            The stag was too hard for the horse.  --L'Estrange.
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            A power which will be always too hard for them.
                                                  --Addison.
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   5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or
      consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive;
      distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times;
      hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms.
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            I never could drive a hard bargain.   --Burke.
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   6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding;
      obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard
      master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character.
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   7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid;
      ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style.
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            Figures harder than even the marble itself.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider.
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   9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated,
      sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the
      organs from one position to another; -- said of certain
      consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished
      from the same letters in center, general, etc.
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   10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a
       hard tone.
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   11. (Painting)
       (a) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures;
           formal; lacking grace of composition.
       (b) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the
           coloring or light and shade.
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   Hard cancer, Hard case, etc. See under Cancer, Case,
      etc.

   Hard clam, or Hard-shelled clam (Zool.), the quahog.

   Hard coal, anthracite, as distinguished from {bituminous
      coal} (soft coal).

   Hard and fast. (Naut.) See under Fast.

   Hard finish (Arch.), a smooth finishing coat of hard fine
      plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering.

   Hard lines, hardship; difficult conditions.

   Hard money, coin or specie, as distinguished from paper
      money.

   Hard oyster (Zool.), the northern native oyster. [Local, U.
      S.]

   Hard pan, the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil;
      hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental
      part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of
      character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See Pan.

   Hard rubber. See under Rubber.

   Hard solder. See under Solder.

   Hard water, water, which contains lime or some mineral
      substance rendering it unfit for washing. See Hardness,
      3.

   Hard wood, wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak,
      ash, box, and the like, in distinction from pine, poplar,
      hemlock, etc.

   In hard condition, in excellent condition for racing;
      having firm muscles; -- said of race horses.

   Syn: Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn;
        stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe;
        obdurate; rigid. See Solid, and Arduous.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Hard \Hard\, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.]
   1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly.
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            And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince.
                                                  --Dryden.
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            My father
            Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. --Shak.
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   2. With difficulty; as, the vehicle moves hard.
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   3. Uneasily; vexatiously; slowly. --Shak.
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   4. So as to raise difficulties. "The question is hard set."
      --Sir T. Browne.
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   5. With tension or strain of the powers; violently; with
      force; tempestuously; vehemently; vigorously;
      energetically; as, to press, to blow, to rain hard; hence,
      rapidly; nimbly; as, to run hard.
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   6. Close or near.
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            Whose house joined hard to the synagogue. --Acts
                                                  xviii. 7.
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   Hard by, near by; close at hand; not far off. "Hard by a
      cottage chimney smokes." --Milton.

   Hard pushed, Hard run, greatly pressed; as, he was hard
      pushed or hard run for time, money, etc. [Colloq.]

   Hard up, closely pressed by want or necessity; without
      money or resources; as, hard up for amusements. [Slang]
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   Note: Hard in nautical language is often joined to words of
         command to the helmsman, denoting that the order should
         be carried out with the utmost energy, or that the helm
         should be put, in the direction indicated, to the
         extreme limit, as, Hard aport! Hard astarboard! Hard
         alee! Hard aweather! Hard up!
         Hard is also often used in composition with a
         participle; as, hard-baked; hard-earned; hard-featured;
         hard-working; hard-won.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Hard \Hard\ (h[aum]rd), v. t.
   To harden; to make hard. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Hard \Hard\, n.
   A ford or passage across a river or swamp.
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