heave


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Heave \Heave\ (h[=e]v), v. t. [imp. Heaved (h[=e]vd), or
   Hove (h[=o]v); p. p. Heaved, Hove, formerly Hoven
   (h[=o]"v'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Heaving.] [OE. heven, hebben,
   AS. hebban; akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan,
   hevan, G. heben, Icel. hefja, Sw. h[aum]fva, Dan. h[ae]ve,
   Goth. hafjan, L. capere to take, seize; cf. Gr. kw`ph handle.
   Cf. Accept, Behoof, Capacious, Forceps, Haft,
   Receipt.]
   1. To cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; to
      lift; to raise; to hoist; -- often with up; as, the wave
      heaved the boat on land.
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            One heaved ahigh, to be hurled down below. --Shak.
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   Note: Heave, as now used, implies that the thing raised is
         heavy or hard to move; but formerly it was used in a
         less restricted sense.
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               Here a little child I stand,
               Heaving up my either hand.         --Herrick.
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   2. To throw; to cast; -- obsolete, provincial, or colloquial,
      except in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the lead;
      to heave the log.
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   3. To force from, or into, any position; to cause to move;
      also, to throw off; -- mostly used in certain nautical
      phrases; as, to heave the ship ahead.
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   4. To raise or force from the breast; to utter with effort;
      as, to heave a sigh.
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            The wretched animal heaved forth such groans.
                                                  --Shak.
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   5. To cause to swell or rise, as the breast or bosom.
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            The glittering, finny swarms
            That heave our friths, and crowd upon our shores.
                                                  --Thomson.
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   To heave a cable short (Naut.), to haul in cable till the
      ship is almost perpendicularly above the anchor.

   To heave a ship ahead (Naut.), to warp her ahead when not
      under sail, as by means of cables.

   To heave a ship down (Naut.), to throw or lay her down on
      one side; to careen her.

   To heave a ship to (Naut.), to bring the ship's head to the
      wind, and stop her motion.

   To heave about (Naut.), to put about suddenly.

   To heave in (Naut.), to shorten (cable).

   To heave in stays (Naut.), to put a vessel on the other
      tack.

   To heave out a sail (Naut.), to unfurl it.

   To heave taut (Naut.), to turn a capstan, etc., till the
      rope becomes strained. See Taut, and Tight.

   To heave the lead (Naut.), to take soundings with lead and
      line.

   To heave the log. (Naut.) See Log.

   To heave up anchor (Naut.), to raise it from the bottom of
      the sea or elsewhere.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Heave \Heave\ (h[=e]v), v. i.
   1. To be thrown up or raised; to rise upward, as a tower or
      mound.
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            And the huge columns heave into the sky. --Pope.
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            Where heaves the turf in many a moldering heap.
                                                  --Gray.
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            The heaving sods of Bunker Hill.      --E. Everett.
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   2. To rise and fall with alternate motions, as the lungs in
      heavy breathing, as waves in a heavy sea, as ships on the
      billows, as the earth when broken up by frost, etc.; to
      swell; to dilate; to expand; to distend; hence, to labor;
      to struggle.
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            Frequent for breath his panting bosom heaves.
                                                  --Prior.
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            The heaving plain of ocean.           --Byron.
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   3. To make an effort to raise, throw, or move anything; to
      strain to do something difficult.
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            The Church of England had struggled and heaved at a
            reformation ever since Wyclif's days. --Atterbury.
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   4. To make an effort to vomit; to retch; to vomit.
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   To heave at.
      (a) To make an effort at.
      (b) To attack, to oppose. [Obs.] --Fuller.

   To heave in sight (as a ship at sea), to come in sight; to
      appear.

   To heave up, to vomit. [Low]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Heave \Heave\, n.
   1. An effort to raise something, as a weight, or one's self,
      or to move something heavy.
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            After many strains and heaves
            He got up to his saddle eaves.        --Hudibras.
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   2. An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of
      the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the
      earth in an earthquake, and the like.
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            There's matter in these sighs, these profound
            heaves,
            You must translate.                   --Shak.
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            None could guess whether the next heave of the
            earthquake would settle . . . or swallow them.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   3. (Geol.) A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode,
      taking place at an intersection with another lode.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Fault \Fault\, n. [OE. faut, faute, F. faute (cf. It., Sp., &
   Pg. falta), fr. a verb meaning to want, fail, freq., fr. L.
   fallere to deceive. See Fail, and cf. Default.]
   1. Defect; want; lack; default.
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            One, it pleases me, for fault of a better, to call
            my friend.                            --Shak.
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   2. Anything that fails, that is wanting, or that impairs
      excellence; a failing; a defect; a blemish.
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            As patches set upon a little breach
            Discredit more in hiding of the fault. --Shak.
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   3. A moral failing; a defect or dereliction from duty; a
      deviation from propriety; an offense less serious than a
      crime.
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   4. (Geol. & Mining)
      (a) A dislocation of the strata of the vein.
      (b) In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by impurities
          in the seam; as, slate fault, dirt fault, etc.
          --Raymond.
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   5. (Hunting) A lost scent; act of losing the scent.
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            Ceasing their clamorous cry till they have singled,
            With much ado, the cold fault cleary out. --Shak.
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   6. (Tennis) Failure to serve the ball into the proper court.
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   7. (Elec.) A defective point in an electric circuit due to a
      crossing of the parts of the conductor, or to contact with
      another conductor or the earth, or to a break in the
      circuit.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   8. (Geol. & Mining) A dislocation caused by a slipping of
      rock masses along a plane of facture; also, the dislocated
      structure resulting from such slipping.

   Note: The surface along which the dislocated masses have
         moved is called the

   fault plane. When this plane is vertical, the fault is a

   vertical fault; when its inclination is such that the
      present relative position of the two masses could have
      been produced by the sliding down, along the fault plane,
      of the mass on its upper side, the fault is a

   normal fault, or gravity fault. When the fault plane is
      so inclined that the mass on its upper side has moved up
      relatively, the fault is then called a

   reverse fault (or reversed fault), thrust fault, or
   overthrust fault. If no vertical displacement has resulted,
      the fault is then called a

   horizontal fault. The linear extent of the dislocation
      measured on the fault plane and in the direction of
      movement is the

   displacement; the vertical displacement is the

   throw; the horizontal displacement is the

   heave. The direction of the line of intersection of the
      fault plane with a horizontal plane is the

   trend of the fault. A fault is a

   strike fault when its trend coincides approximately with
      the strike of associated strata (i.e., the line of
      intersection of the plane of the strata with a horizontal
      plane); it is a

   dip fault when its trend is at right angles to the strike;
      an

   oblique fault when its trend is oblique to the strike.
      Oblique faults and dip faults are sometimes called

   cross faults. A series of closely associated parallel
      faults are sometimes called

   step faults and sometimes

   distributive faults.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   At fault, unable to find the scent and continue chase;
      hence, in trouble or embarrassment, and unable to proceed;
      puzzled; thrown off the track.

   To find fault, to find reason for blaming or complaining;
      to express dissatisfaction; to complain; -- followed by
      with before the thing complained of; but formerly by at.
      "Matter to find fault at." --Robynson (More's Utopia).

   Syn: -- Error; blemish; defect; imperfection; weakness;
        blunder; failing; vice.

   Usage: Fault, Failing, Defect, Foible. A fault is
          positive, something morally wrong; a failing is
          negative, some weakness or falling short in a man's
          character, disposition, or habits; a defect is also
          negative, and as applied to character is the absence
          of anything which is necessary to its completeness or
          perfection; a foible is a less important weakness,
          which we overlook or smile at. A man may have many
          failings, and yet commit but few faults; or his faults
          and failings may be few, while his foibles are obvious
          to all. The faults of a friend are often palliated or
          explained away into mere defects, and the defects or
          foibles of an enemy exaggerated into faults. "I have
          failings in common with every human being, besides my
          own peculiar faults; but of avarice I have generally
          held myself guiltless." --Fox. "Presumption and
          self-applause are the foibles of mankind."
          --Waterland.
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