juncus gerardi


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Barnyard grass, for hay. South. Panicum Grus-galli. Bent,
pasture and hay. Agrostis, several species. Bermuda grass,
pasture. South. Cynodon Dactylon. Black bent. Same as {Switch
grass} (below). Blue bent, hay. North and West. {Andropogon
provincialis}. Blue grass, pasture. Poa compressa. Blue joint,
hay. Northwest. Aqropyrum glaucum. Buffalo grass, grazing.
Rocky Mts., etc.
      (a) Buchlo["e] dectyloides.
      (b) Same as Grama grass (below). Bunch grass, grazing.
          Far West. Eriocoma, Festuca, Stips, etc. Chess,
          or Cheat, a weed. Bromus secalinus, etc. Couch
          grass. Same as Quick grass (below). Crab grass,
      (a) Hay, in South. A weed, in North. Panicum sanguinale.
      (b) Pasture and hay. South. Eleusine Indica. Darnel
      (a) Bearded, a noxious weed. Lolium temulentum.
      (b) Common. Same as Rye grass (below). Drop seed, fair
          for forage and hay. Muhlenbergia, several species.
          English grass. Same as Redtop (below). Fowl meadow
          grass.
      (a) Pasture and hay. Poa serotina.
      (b) Hay, on moist land. Gryceria nervata. Gama grass,
          cut fodder. South. Tripsacum dactyloides. Grama
          grass, grazing. West and Pacific slope. {Bouteloua
          oligostachya}, etc. Great bunch grass, pasture and
          hay. Far West. Festuca scabrella. Guinea grass, hay.
          South. Panicum jumentorum. Herd's grass, in New
          England Timothy, in Pennsylvania and South Redtop.
          Indian grass. Same as Wood grass (below). Italian
          rye grass, forage and hay. Lolium Italicum. Johnson
          grass, grazing and hay. South and Southwest. {Sorghum
          Halepense}. Kentucky blue grass, pasture. {Poa
          pratensis}. Lyme grass, coarse hay. South. Elymus,
          several species. Manna grass, pasture and hay.
          Glyceria, several species. Meadow fescue, pasture
          and hay. Festuca elatior. Meadow foxtail, pasture,
          hay, lawn. North. Alopecurus pratensis. Meadow
          grass, pasture, hay, lawn. Poa, several species.
          Mesquite grass, or Muskit grass. Same as Grama grass
          (above). Nimble Will, a kind of drop seed.
          Muhlenbergia diffsa. Orchard grass, pasture and hay.
          Dactylis glomerata. Porcupine grass, troublesome to
          sheep. Northwest. Stipa spartea. Quaking grass,
          ornamental. Briza media and maxima. Quitch, or
          Quick, grass, etc., a weed. Agropyrum repens. Ray
          grass. Same as Rye grass (below). Redtop, pasture
          and hay. Agrostis vulgaris. Red-topped buffalo
          grass, forage. Northwest. Poa tenuifolia. Reed
          canary grass, of slight value. Phalaris arundinacea.
          Reed meadow grass, hay. North. Glyceria aquatica.
          Ribbon grass, a striped leaved form of {Reed canary
          grass}. Rye grass, pasture, hay. Lolium perenne,
          var. Seneca grass, fragrant basket work, etc. North.
          Hierochloa borealis. Sesame grass. Same as {Gama
          grass} (above). Sheep's fescue, sheep pasture, native
          in Northern Europe and Asia. Festuca ovina. Small
          reed grass, meadow pasture and hay. North. {Deyeuxia
          Canadensis}. Spear grass, Same as Meadow grass
          (above). Squirrel-tail grass, troublesome to animals.
          Seacoast and Northwest. Hordeum jubatum. Switch
          grass, hay, cut young. Panicum virgatum. Timothy,
          cut young, the best of hay. North. Phleum pratense.
          Velvet grass, hay on poor soil. South. {Holcus
          lanatus}. Vernal grass, pasture, hay, lawn.
          Anthoxanthum odoratum. Wire grass, valuable in
          pastures. Poa compressa. Wood grass, Indian grass,
          hay. Chrysopogon nutans.
          [1913 Webster]

   Note: Many plants are popularly called grasses which are not
         true grasses botanically considered, such as black
         grass, goose grass, star grass, etc.
         [1913 Webster]

   Black grass, a kind of small rush (Juncus Gerardi),
      growing in salt marshes, used for making salt hay.

   Grass of the Andes, an oat grass, the {Arrhenatherum
      avenaceum} of Europe.

   Grass of Parnassus, a plant of the genus Parnassia
      growing in wet ground. The European species is {Parnassia
      palustris}; in the United States there are several
      species.

   Grass bass (Zool.), the calico bass.

   Grass bird, the dunlin.

   Grass cloth, a cloth woven from the tough fibers of the
      grass-cloth plant.

   Grass-cloth plant, a perennial herb of the Nettle family
      (B[oe]hmeria nivea syn. Urtica nivea), which grows in
      Sumatra, China, and Assam, whose inner bark has fine and
      strong fibers suited for textile purposes.

   Grass finch. (Zool.)
      (a) A common American sparrow ({Po["o]c[ae]tes
          gramineus}); -- called also vesper sparrow and
          bay-winged bunting.
      (b) Any Australian finch, of the genus Po["e]phila, of
          which several species are known.

   Grass lamb, a lamb suckled by a dam running on pasture land
      and giving rich milk.

   Grass land, land kept in grass and not tilled.

   Grass moth (Zool.), one of many small moths of the genus
      Crambus, found in grass.

   Grass oil, a fragrant essential volatile oil, obtained in
      India from grasses of the genus Andropogon, etc.; --
      used in perfumery under the name of citronella, {ginger
      grass oil}, lemon grass oil, essence of verbena etc.
      

   Grass owl (Zool.), a South African owl (Strix Capensis).
      

   Grass parrakeet (Zool.), any of several species of
      Australian parrots, of the genus Euphemia; -- also
      applied to the zebra parrakeet.

   Grass plover (Zool.), the upland or field plover.

   Grass poly (Bot.), a species of willowwort ({Lythrum
      Hyssopifolia}). --Johnson.

   Crass quit (Zool.), one of several tropical American
      finches of the genus Euetheia. The males have most of
      the head and chest black and often marked with yellow.

   Grass snake. (Zool.)
      (a) The common English, or ringed, snake ({Tropidonotus
          natrix}).
      (b) The common green snake of the Northern United States.
          See Green snake, under Green.

   Grass snipe (Zool.), the pectoral sandpiper ({Tringa
      maculata}); -- called also jacksnipe in America.

   Grass spider (Zool.), a common spider (Agelena n[ae]via),
      which spins flat webs on grass, conspicuous when covered
      with dew.

   Grass sponge (Zool.), an inferior kind of commercial sponge
      from Florida and the Bahamas.

   Grass table. (Arch.) See Earth table, under Earth.

   Grass vetch (Bot.), a vetch (Lathyrus Nissolia), with
      narrow grasslike leaves.

   Grass widow. [Cf. Prov. R. an unmarried mother, G.
      strohwittwe a mock widow, Sw. gr[aum]senka a grass widow.]
      (a) An unmarried woman who is a mother. [Obs.]
      (b) A woman separated from her husband by abandonment or
          prolonged absence; a woman living apart from her
          husband. [Slang.]

   Grass wrack (Bot.) eelgrass.

   To bring to grass (Mining.), to raise, as ore, to the
      surface of the ground.

   To put to grass, To put out to grass, to put out to graze
      a season, as cattle.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Black \Black\ (bl[a^]k), a. [OE. blak, AS. bl[ae]c; akin to
   Icel. blakkr dark, swarthy, Sw. bl[aum]ck ink, Dan. bl[ae]k,
   OHG. blach, LG. & D. blaken to burn with a black smoke. Not
   akin to AS. bl[=a]c, E. bleak pallid. [root]98.]
   1. Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the
      color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark
      color, the opposite of white; characterized by such a
      color; as, black cloth; black hair or eyes.
      [1913 Webster]

            O night, with hue so black!           --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in
      darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, a black night; the
      heavens black with clouds.
      [1913 Webster]

            I spy a black, suspicious, threatening cloud.
                                                  --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness;
      destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked;
      cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible. "This day's black
      fate." "Black villainy." "Arise, black vengeance." "Black
      day." "Black despair." --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen;
      foreboding; as, to regard one with black looks.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Black is often used in self-explaining compound words;
         as, black-eyed, black-faced, black-haired,
         black-visaged.
         [1913 Webster]

   Black act, the English statute 9 George I, which makes it a
      felony to appear armed in any park or warren, etc., or to
      hunt or steal deer, etc., with the face blackened or
      disguised. Subsequent acts inflicting heavy penalties for
      malicious injuries to cattle and machinery have been
      called black acts.

   Black angel (Zool.), a fish of the West Indies and Florida
      (Holacanthus tricolor), with the head and tail yellow,
      and the middle of the body black.

   Black antimony (Chem.), the black sulphide of antimony,
      Sb2S3, used in pyrotechnics, etc.

   Black bear (Zool.), the common American bear ({Ursus
      Americanus}).

   Black beast. See B[^e]te noire.

   Black beetle (Zool.), the common large cockroach ({Blatta
      orientalis}).

   Black bonnet (Zool.), the black-headed bunting ({Embriza
      Sch[oe]niclus}) of Europe.

   Black canker, a disease in turnips and other crops,
      produced by a species of caterpillar.

   Black cat (Zool.), the fisher, a quadruped of North America
      allied to the sable, but larger. See Fisher.

   Black cattle, any bovine cattle reared for slaughter, in
      distinction from dairy cattle. [Eng.]

   Black cherry. See under Cherry.

   Black cockatoo (Zool.), the palm cockatoo. See Cockatoo.
      

   Black copper. Same as Melaconite.

   Black currant. (Bot.) See Currant.

   Black diamond. (Min.) See Carbonado.

   Black draught (Med.), a cathartic medicine, composed of
      senna and magnesia.

   Black drop (Med.), vinegar of opium; a narcotic preparation
      consisting essentially of a solution of opium in vinegar.
      

   Black earth, mold; earth of a dark color. --Woodward.

   Black flag, the flag of a pirate, often bearing in white a
      skull and crossbones; a signal of defiance.

   Black flea (Zool.), a flea beetle (Haltica nemorum)
      injurious to turnips.

   Black flux, a mixture of carbonate of potash and charcoal,
      obtained by deflagrating tartar with half its weight of
      niter. --Brande & C.

   Black Forest [a translation of G. Schwarzwald], a forest in
      Baden and W["u]rtemburg, in Germany; a part of the ancient
      Hercynian forest.

   Black game, or Black grouse. (Zool.) See Blackcock,
      Grouse, and Heath grouse.

   Black grass (Bot.), a grasslike rush of the species {Juncus
      Gerardi}, growing on salt marshes, and making good hay.

   Black gum (Bot.), an American tree, the tupelo or
      pepperidge. See Tupelo.

   Black Hamburg (grape) (Bot.), a sweet and juicy variety of
      dark purple or "black" grape.

   Black horse (Zool.), a fish of the Mississippi valley
      (Cycleptus elongatus), of the sucker family; the
      Missouri sucker.

   Black lemur (Zool.), the Lemurniger of Madagascar; the
      acoumbo of the natives.

   Black list, a list of persons who are for some reason
      thought deserving of censure or punishment; -- esp. a list
      of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, made
      for the protection of tradesmen or employers. See
      Blacklist, v. t.

   Black manganese (Chem.), the black oxide of manganese,
      MnO2.

   Black Maria, the close wagon in which prisoners are carried
      to or from jail.

   Black martin (Zool.), the chimney swift. See Swift.

   Black moss (Bot.), the common so-called long moss of the
      southern United States. See Tillandsia.

   Black oak. See under Oak.

   Black ocher. See Wad.

   Black pigment, a very fine, light carbonaceous substance,
      or lampblack, prepared chiefly for the manufacture of
      printers' ink. It is obtained by burning common coal tar.
      

   Black plate, sheet iron before it is tinned. --Knight.

   Black quarter, malignant anthrax with engorgement of a
      shoulder or quarter, etc., as of an ox.

   Black rat (Zool.), one of the species of rats ({Mus
      rattus}), commonly infesting houses.

   Black rent. See Blackmail, n., 3.

   Black rust, a disease of wheat, in which a black, moist
      matter is deposited in the fissures of the grain.

   Black sheep, one in a family or company who is unlike the
      rest, and makes trouble.

   Black silver. (Min.) See under Silver.

   Black and tan, black mixed or spotted with tan color or
      reddish brown; -- used in describing certain breeds of
      dogs.

   Black tea. See under Tea.

   Black tin (Mining), tin ore (cassiterite), when dressed,
      stamped and washed, ready for smelting. It is in the form
      of a black powder, like fine sand. --Knight.

   Black walnut. See under Walnut.

   Black warrior (Zool.), an American hawk (Buteo Harlani).
      [1913 Webster]

   Syn: Dark; murky; pitchy; inky; somber; dusky; gloomy; swart;
        Cimmerian; ebon; atrocious.
        [1913 Webster]
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