just intonation

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Just \Just\, a. [F. juste, L. justus, fr. jus right, law,
   justice; orig., that which is fitting; akin to Skr. yu to
   join. Cf. Injury, Judge, Jury, Giusto.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. Conforming or conformable to rectitude or justice; not
      doing wrong to any; violating no right or obligation;
      upright; righteous; honest; true; -- said both of persons
      and things. "O just but severe law!" --Shak.
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            There is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good,
            and sinneth not.                      --Eccl. vii.
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            Just balances, just weights, . . . shall ye have.
                                                  --Lev. xix.
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            How should man be just with God?      --Job ix. 2.
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            We know your grace to be a man.
            Just and upright.                     --Shak.
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   2. Not transgressing the requirement of truth and propriety;
      conformed to the truth of things, to reason, or to a
      proper standard; exact; normal; reasonable; regular; due;
      as, a just statement; a just inference.
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            Just of thy word, in every thought sincere. --Pope.
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            The prince is here at hand: pleaseth your lordship
            To meet his grace just distance 'tween our armies.
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            He was a comely personage, a little above just
            stature.                              --Bacon.
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            Fire fitted with just materials casts a constant
            heat.                                 --Jer. Taylor.
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            When all
            The war shall stand ranged in its just array.
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            Their names alone would make a just volume.
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   3. Rendering or disposed to render to each one his due;
      equitable; fair; impartial; as, just judge.
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            Men are commonly so just to virtue and goodness as
            to praise it in others, even when they do not
            practice it themselves.               --Tillotson.
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   Just intonation. (Mus.)
      (a) The correct sounding of notes or intervals; true
      (b) The giving all chords and intervals in their purity or
          their exact mathematical ratio, or without
          temperament; a process in which the number of notes
          and intervals required in the various keys is much
          greater than the twelve to the octave used in systems
          of temperament. --H. W. Poole.

   Syn: Equitable; upright; honest; true; fair; impartial;
        proper; exact; normal; orderly; regular.
        [1913 Webster]
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