kelp salmon


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Salmon \Salm"on\ (s[a^]m"[u^]n), n.; pl. Salmons (-[u^]nz) or
   (collectively) Salmon. [OE. saumoun, salmon, F. saumon, fr.
   L. salmo, salmonis, perhaps from salire to leap. Cf. Sally,
   v.]
   1. (Zool.) Any one of several species of fishes of the genus
      Salmo and allied genera. The common salmon ({Salmo
      salar}) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and
      the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important
      species. They are extensively preserved for food. See
      Quinnat.
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   Note: The salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head
         streams to spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes,
         and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in
         the way of their progress. The common salmon has been
         known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds;
         more generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five
         pounds. Young salmon are called parr, peal, smolt, and
         grilse. Among the true salmons are:

   Black salmon, or Lake salmon, the namaycush.

   Dog salmon, a salmon of Western North America
      (Oncorhynchus keta).

   Humpbacked salmon, a Pacific-coast salmon ({Oncorhynchus
      gorbuscha}).

   King salmon, the quinnat.

   Landlocked salmon, a variety of the common salmon (var.
      Sebago), long confined in certain lakes in consequence of
      obstructions that prevented it from returning to the sea.
      This last is called also dwarf salmon.
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   Note: Among fishes of other families which are locally and
         erroneously called salmon are: the pike perch, called
         jack salmon; the spotted, or southern, squeteague;
         the cabrilla, called kelp salmon; young pollock,
         called sea salmon; and the California yellowtail.
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   2. A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the
      salmon.
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   Salmon berry (Bot.), a large red raspberry growing from
      Alaska to California, the fruit of the Rubus Nutkanus.
      

   Salmon killer (Zool.), a stickleback ({Gasterosteus
      cataphractus}) of Western North America and Northern Asia.
      

   Salmon ladder, Salmon stair. See Fish ladder, under
      Fish.

   Salmon peel, a young salmon.

   Salmon pipe, a certain device for catching salmon. --Crabb.

   Salmon trout. (Zool.)
      (a) The European sea trout (Salmo trutta). It resembles
          the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more
          numerous scales.
      (b) The American namaycush.
      (c) A name that is also applied locally to the adult black
          spotted trout (Salmo purpuratus), and to the steel
          head and other large trout of the Pacific coast.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Kelp \Kelp\ (k[e^]lp), n. [Formerly kilpe; of unknown origin.]
   1. The calcined ashes of seaweed, -- formerly much used in
      the manufacture of glass, now used in the manufacture of
      iodine.
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   2. (Bot.) Any large blackish seaweed.
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   Note: Laminaria is the common kelp of Great Britain;
         Macrocystis pyrifera and Nereocystis Lutkeana are
         the great kelps of the Pacific Ocean.
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   Kelp crab (Zool.), a California spider crab ({Epialtus
      productus}), found among seaweeds, which it resembles in
      color.

   Kelp salmon (Zool.), a serranoid food fish ({Serranus
      clathratus}) of California. See Cabrilla.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cabrilla \Ca*bril"la\, n. [Sp., prawn.] (Zool)
   A name applied to various species of edible fishes of the
   genus Serranus, and related genera, inhabiting the
   Meditarranean, the coast of California, etc. In California,
   some of them are also called rock bass and kelp salmon.
   [1913 Webster]
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