lafayette


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spot \Spot\ (sp[o^]t), n. [Cf. Scot. & D. spat, Dan. spette, Sw.
   spott spittle, slaver; from the root of E. spit. See Spit
   to eject from the mouth, and cf. Spatter.]
   1. A mark on a substance or body made by foreign matter; a
      blot; a place discolored.
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            Out, damned spot! Out, I say!         --Shak.
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   2. A stain on character or reputation; something that soils
      purity; disgrace; reproach; fault; blemish.
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            Yet Chloe, sure, was formed without a spot. --Pope.
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   3. A small part of a different color from the main part, or
      from the ground upon which it is; as, the spots of a
      leopard; the spots on a playing card.
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   4. A small extent of space; a place; any particular place.
      "Fixed to one spot." --Otway.
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            That spot to which I point is Paradise. --Milton.
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            "A jolly place," said he, "in times of old!
            But something ails it now: the spot is cursed."
                                                  --Wordsworth.
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   5. (Zool.) A variety of the common domestic pigeon, so called
      from a spot on its head just above its beak.
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   6. (Zool.)
      (a) A sciaenoid food fish (Liostomus xanthurus) of the
          Atlantic coast of the United States. It has a black
          spot behind the shoulders and fifteen oblique dark
          bars on the sides. Called also goody, Lafayette,
          masooka, and old wife.
      (b) The southern redfish, or red horse, which has a spot
          on each side at the base of the tail. See Redfish.
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   7. pl. Commodities, as merchandise and cotton, sold for
      immediate delivery. [Broker's Cant]
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   Crescent spot (Zool.), any butterfly of the family
      Melitaeidae having crescent-shaped white spots along the
      margins of the red or brown wings.

   Spot lens (Microscopy), a condensing lens in which the
      light is confined to an annular pencil by means of a
      small, round diaphragm (the spot), and used in dark-field
      illumination; -- called also spotted lens.

   Spot rump (Zool.), the Hudsonian godwit ({Limosa
      haemastica}).

   Spots on the sun. (Astron.) See Sun spot, ander Sun.

   On the spot, or Upon the spot, immediately; before
      moving; without changing place; as, he made his decision
      on the spot.

            It was determined upon the spot.      --Swift.
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   Syn: Stain; flaw; speck; blot; disgrace; reproach; fault;
        blemish; place; site; locality.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lafayette \La`fa`yette"\, n. (Zool.)
   (a) The dollar fish.
   (b) A market fish, the goody, or spot ({Liostomus
       xanthurus}), of the southern coast of the United States.
       [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

dollar \dol"lar\, n. [D. daalder, LG. dahler, G. thaler, an
   abbreviation of Joachimsthaler, i. e., a piece of money first
   coined, about the year 1518, in the valley (G. thal) of St.
   Joachim, in Bohemia. See Dale.]
   1.
      (a) A silver coin of the United States containing 371.25
          grains of silver and 41.25 grains of alloy, that is,
          having a total weight of 412.5 grains.
      (b) A gold coin of the United States containing 23.22
          grains of gold and 2.58 grains of alloy, that is,
          having a total weight of 25.8 grains, nine-tenths
          fine. It is no longer coined.
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   Note: Previous to 1837 the silver dollar had a larger amount
         of alloy, but only the same amount of silver as now,
         the total weight being 416 grains. The gold dollar as a
         distinct coin was first made in 1849. The eagles, half
         eagles, and quarter eagles coined before 1834 contained
         24.75 grains of gold and 2.25 grains of alloy for each
         dollar.
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   2. A coin of the same general weight and value as the United
      States silver dollar, though differing slightly in
      different countries, formerly current in Mexico, Canada,
      parts of South America, also in Spain, and several other
      European countries.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]

   3. The value of a dollar; the unit of currency, differing in
      value in different countries, commonly employed in the
      United States and a number of other countries, including
      Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, parts of the Carribbean,
      Liberia, and several others.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]

   Chop dollar. See under 9th Chop.

   Dollar fish (Zool.), a fish of the United States coast
      (Stromateus triacanthus), having a flat, roundish form
      and a bright silvery luster; -- called also butterfish,
      and Lafayette. See Butterfish.

   Trade dollar, a silver coin formerly made at the United
      States mint, intended for export, and not legal tender at
      home. It contained 378 grains of silver and 42 grains of
      alloy.
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